Example: My bike was stolen.
In the example above, the focusis on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.
Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:
Example: A mistake wasmade.
In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (eg. You have made a mistake.).
Form of Passive
Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle
Example: Aletter was written.
When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:
* the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
* the finite form of theverb is changed (to be + past participle)
* the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
Examples of Passive
Tense | Subject | Verb | Object |Simple Present | Active: | Rita | writes | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | is written | by Rita. |
Simple Past | Active: | Rita | wrote | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | was written | byRita. |
Present Perfect | Active: | Rita | has written | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | has been written | by Rita. |
Future I | Active: | Rita | will write | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter| will be written | by Rita. |
Hilfsverben | Active: | Rita | can write | a letter. |
| Passive: | A letter | can be written | by Rita. |
El uso de pasivo
La voz pasiva se utiliza cuando laatención se centra en la acción. No es importante o no sabe, sin embargo, ¿quién o qué está realizando la acción.
Ejemplo: Mi moto era robada.
En el ejemplo anterior, la atención se centra en el hecho deque mi moto era robada. No sé, sin embargo, que lo hizo.
A veces, una declaración en la pasiva es más cortés que la voz activa, como muestra el siguiente ejemplo:
Ejemplo: Se cometió un error.