REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA
MINISTRY OF POPULAR EDUCATION
U.E. HOLY CHARITY
The 9th D
History of Christmas
The favor of being received and Christmas, the annual celebration that commemorates the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem according to the gospels ofMatthew and Luke.
After Easter is the most important holiday of the Christian church year. As the Gospels that date is not certain that Jesus was born that day. In fact, on Christmas Day was not officially recognized until the year 345, when the influence of St. John Chrysostom and St. Gregory of Nazianzen proclaimed December 25 as the date of the Nativity of Jesus. Thus continued the policy ofthe early church to absorb rather than repressing existing pagan rites, which from the earliest times celebrated the winter solstice and the coming of spring.
The pagan festival most closely associated with the new Christmas was the Roman Saturnalia, from 17 to 23 December in honor of Saturn, the god of agriculture, celebrated for seven days of bustling entertainment and banquets. At the sametime, was celebrated in northern Europe a similar winter festival known as Yule, which burned huge logs and branches adorned with ribbons in honor of the gods to make the sun shine more strongly.
Once incorporated these elements, the Church added
Later in the Middle Ages birth and carols to its customs. At this time, the banquet was the highlight of the celebrations. All this came to an abrupt endin Britain when, in 1552, the Puritans banned Christmas. Although Christmas returned to England in 1660 with Charles II, rituals disappeared until the Victorian era.
Christmas, as we know it today is a creation of the nineteenth century. The Christmas tree, originally from Germanic areas, spread to other areas of Europe and America. The carols were retrieved and composed many new (the custom ofsinging carols, though of ancient origins, comes mainly from the nineteenth century). Christmas cards did not start to be used until the 1870s, although the first was printed in London in 1846. The familiar image of Santa Claus, with the sleigh, reindeer and bags with toys, is an American invention of these years, but the legend of Santa Claus is old and complex, and partly from St. Nicholas and ajovial medieval figure The spirit of Christmas. In Russia traditionally has a pink piglet under his arm.
Today, Christmas is a celebration more secular than religious. It is time of great commercial activity and exchange of gifts, meals and family gatherings. In the West celebrates midnight mass in churches and cathedrals. In the countries of Latin America, rooted Catholic tradition, especiallyheld Christmas Eve (December 24) with a family dinner for which produced a variety of dishes, desserts and traditional beverages. It is also customary to attend Midnight Mass and celebrate with fireworks and fireworks. In Mexico, Christmas is the culmination of a celebration that lasts nine days called "the inns". These begin on December 16, commemorates the journey of Mary and Joseph in theirsearch for accommodation before the birth of Jesus. The number nine also refers to the nine months of Mary's pregnancy. An essential part of the festival is to ask about inn by songs in which some participants asking others respond, first refusing, and finally granted, with all explode in joy at the happy end of the journey of the pilgrims. Another key element is the pinata which, together with thesinging of the litany, traditional games, sweets and drinks typical of the time bring together the teachings introduced by the missionaries in New Spain in the second half of the sixteenth century. The origin of the inns seem to be in the convent of San Agustín de Acolman, where Augustinian monks took advantage of the coincidence of dates and Christian rites of the Aztecs, who celebrated the birth...
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