Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID) is the infection of the upper female genital tract: uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries and other organs related to having babies. PID can lead toserious consequences including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, abscess formation and chronic pelvic pain. In United States more than one million women each year experience an episode of pelvicinflammatory disease. More than 100,000 women become infertile.
What causes PID?
This disease is caused by bacteria that come from the Gonorrhea and Chlamydia, two very common sexually transmitteddiseases. This bacteria move up from a woman’s vagina infecting her tubes, ovaries and womb.
Who can get PID?
Women who have had a sexually transmitted disease, women under age 25 that are sexuallyactive, because their cervix is not fully matured and this increase their susceptibility to the sexually transmitted diseases that are linked to the pelvic inflammatory disease. Also, women that arehaving sex with more than one partner, because this one may have a sexually transmitted disease and you are in a higher risk. Women who douche may have a higher risk of developing PID, because whendouching can push germs into the womb, ovaries and tubes causing infection, this can change the vaginal flora.
Signs and Symptoms
Sometimes when PID is caused by Chlamydia is very difficult to detectbecause sometimes there are no symptoms at all. One of the most common symptoms can be a lower abdomen pain, fever, vaginal discharge that can smell, painful sex, painful urination and irregularperiods.
How is PID diagnosed?
Doctors will perform a physical exam which includes checking for abnormal vaginal discharge, lumps near the ovaries and tubes and tenderness or pain of the pelvicorgans. Also, the doctor will test you for STD’s, urinary tract infection and pregnancy. If needed the doctor may do other test such as an ultrasound, endometrial biopsy and laparoscopy. These tests...