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Minor International Law Human Rights (Part C) Lecture 3 The UN system I

The labyrinth of (International) Human Rights Protection
UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS THE UNITED NATIONS ECONOMICAND SOCIAL COUNCIL THE UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

THE UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

THE UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COMMiSSION

THE REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION SYSTEMSTHE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL THE NATIONAL CONSTITUTIONS.

THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY

The Labyrinth of International Human Rights Protection (2)

United Nations Binding Treaties International Covenant on Political and Civil Rights (ICCPR).

 International Covenant on Social and Economic and Cultural

Rights (ICSECR).

 Draft treaties finished /signed 1965 ratifiedin 1975

Regional Binding Human Rights Treaties

 European Convention on the Protection of Human

Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950).

 American Convention on Human Rights (1969).

African charter on Human’s and people’s rights (1981).

Treaty making:
 Draft  Conference  Signing  Ratification (all parties?)  Reservations (?)

International Covenant on Civil andPolitical Rights (ICCPR)

http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/treaty5_asp.htm

‘ Of particular concern are widely formulated reservations which essentially render ineffective all Covenant rights whichwould require any change in national law to ensure compliance with Covenant obligations. No real international rights or obligations have thus been accepted. And when there is an absence of provisionsto ensure that Covenant rights may be sued on in domestic courts, and, further, a failure to allow individual complaints to be brought to the Committee under the first Optional Protocol, all theessential elements of the Covenant guarantees have been removed. ‘

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
 Legally Binding instrument
 Far more detailed than the UDHR. ...
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