Pereginaje en islam [english]

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THE PILGRIMAGE OF ISLAM

Inside the World of Islam, every adherent has five main duties called the Five Pillars of Islam. One of these duties, the Hajj, is a pilgrimage incumbent to every one ofthem, men and women. Each Muslim that has the physical and mental capacity to carry out with this duty must make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his whole life.

Mecca is a holy city forthe Islam, located in Saudi Arabia. Every year the Hajj pilgrimage occurs in Dhu al-Hijjah, the twelfth month of the Islamic Calendar. The Islamic Calendar is a lunar calendar, which means that the Dhual-Hijjah will commonly be, but not necessary, around December in the Gregorian calendar. In 2006, Dhu al-Hijjah occurred two times, from January 1st to January 30th and from December 22th to January19th (2007). This year the twelfth month of Islam will began in November 30th and will end in December 28th.

During the pilgrimage, male Muslims must dress only in the ihram, garments thatconsist of two white unhemmed sheets which are draped to cover the body; female Muslims must simply continue using their hijab. These dresses, express the idea that everyone is equal for the eye of Allah;in addition, it symbolizes purity and sinless. While using ihram, Muslims must not use deodorant, perfumes neither clip their nails.

When successfully arrive to Mecca, the pilgrim is now calledhajji, an honorific title for Muslim community. Now in Mecca the hajji must perform several rites. The fist one happens on the 8th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. It consists in performing Tawaf, walking aroundthe Kaaba seven times in an anti-clockwise direction. The Tawaf illustrate the unity of Muslims in the worship of Allah. At the end, Muslims pray two rak’ahs. In the same day, they walk seven timesbetween the hills of Safa and Marwah. In addition, the hajjis drink from Zamzam Well, a miraculously-generated source of water. The next morning, Muslims must go to Mount Arafat, near the hill where...
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