Perifrasis verbales inglesas

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  • Publicado : 31 de octubre de 2010
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PHRASAL VERBS ACT UP (NO OBJECT): MISBEHAVE (FOR PEOPLE); NOT WORK PROPERLY (FOR MACHINES). "THE BABYSITTER HAD A DIFFICULT TIME. THE CHILDREN ACTED UP ALL EVENING." "I GUESS I'D BETTER TAKE MY CAR TO THE GARAGE. IT'S BEEN ACTING UP LATELY." ACT LIKE (INSEPARABLE): BEHAVE IN A WAY THAT'S LIKE _____ . "WHAT'S WRONG WITH BOB? HE'S ACTING LIKE AN IDIOT." NOTE: THIS PHRASAL VERB IS VERY INFORMAL.***** BACK DOWN (NO OBJECT): NOT FOLLOW A THREAT. "TOM WAS GOING TO CALL THE POLICE WHEN I TOLD HIM I'D WRECKED HIS CAR, BUT HE BACKED DOWN WHEN I SAID I'D PAY FOR THE DAMAGES." BACK OFF (NO OBJECT): NOT FOLLOW A THREAT. "TOM WAS READY TO CALL THE POLICE WHEN I TOLD HIM I'D WRECKED HIS CAR, BUT HE BACKED OFF WHEN I SAID I'D PAY FOR THE DAMAGES." BACK UP (1. NO OBJECT): MOVE BACKWARD; MOVE IN REVERSE."YOU MISSED THE LINES IN THE PARKING SPACE. YOU'LL HAVE TO BACK UP AND TRY AGAIN." "THE PEOPLE WAITING IN LINE ARE TOO CLOSE TO THE DOOR. WE WON'T BE ABLE TO OPEN IT UNLESS THEY BACK UP." BACK UP (2. SEPARABLE): DRIVE A VEHICLE BACKWARDS (IN REVERSE). "YOU'RE TOO CLOSE! BACK YOUR CAR UP SO I CAN OPEN THE GARAGE DOOR." ***** CALL OFF (SEPARABLE): CANCEL SOMETHING THAT HAS BEEN SCHEDULED. "WE DON'THAVE SCHOOL TODAY. THE MAYOR CALLED CLASSES OFF BECAUSE OF THE SNOW." CALL ON (INSEPARABLE): ASK SOMEONE FOR AN ANSWER IN CLASS. "I DON'T KNOW WHY THE TEACHER NEVER CALLS ON YOU. YOU ALWAYS KNOW THE ANSWER." 1

***** DO IN (1. SEPARABLE): CAUSE TO BECOME VERY TIRED. "THOSE THREE GAMES OF TENNIS YESTERDAY AFTERNOON REALLY DID ME IN. I SLEPT FOR TEN HOURS AFTER I GOT HOME." DO IN (2. SEPARABLE):TO KILL; TO MURDER. "THE SAID THAT THE MURDERED MAN WAS DONE IN BETWEEN 10 AND 11 O'CLOCK LAST NIGHT." ***** END UP (1. NO OBJECT): FINALLY ARRIVE AT; ARRIVE AT AN UNEXPECTED PLACE. "WE GOT LOST LAST NIGHT AND ENDED UP IN THE NEXT TOWN." END UP (2. NO OBJECT): ARRIVE SOMEWHERE AS A RESULT OR CONSEQUENCE. "YOU'RE WORKING TOO HARD. IF YOU DON'T TAKE IT EASY, YOU'LL END UP IN THE HOSPITAL!" *****FALL THROUGH (NO OBJECT): NOT HAPPEN. (NOTE: DESCRIBES SOMETHING THAT WAS PLANNED BUT DIDN'T HAPPEN.) "WE HAD ORIGINALLY INTENDED TO GO TO MEXICO FOR OUR VACATION, BUT OUR TRIP FELL THROUGH WHEN I GOT SICK." FALL THROUGH (NO OBJECT): NOT HAPPEN. (NOTE: DESCRIBES SOMETHING THAT WAS PLANNED BUT DIDN'T HAPPEN.) "WE HAD ORIGINALLY INTENDED TO GO TO MEXICO FOR OUR VACATION, BUT OUR TRIP FELL THROUGH WHENI GOT SICK." ***** GO OUT WITH (INSEPARABLE): HAVE A DATE WITH. "YOU WENT OUT WITH SHARON LAST NIGHT, DIDN'T YOU?" GO WITH (1. NO OBJECT): LOOK PLEASING TOGETHER. (NOTE: FOR CLOTHES, FURNITURE, ETC.) "YOU SHOULD BUY THAT SHIRT. IT WILL GO WELL WITH YOUR DARK BROWN SUIT." GO WITH (2. NO OBJECT): DATE REGULARLY AND STEADILY. "IS GINA GOING WITH JIM? I SEE THEM TOGETHER ALL THE TIME."

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*****HAND IN (SEPARABLE): SUBMIT HOMEWORK, AN ASSIGNMENT, ETC. "YOU'D BETTER GET STARTED ON YOUR REPORT. YOU KNOW THAT YOU HAVE TO HAND IT IN AT 8:30 TOMORROW MORNING!" HAND OUT (SEPARABLE): DISTRIBUTE. "WHY DON'T YOU HAVE A COURSE DESCRIPTION AND LIST OF ASSIGNMENTS? THE TEACHER HANDED THEM OUT ON THE FIRST DAY OF CLASS." ***** IRON OUT (SEPARABLE): MUTUALLY REACH AN AGREEMENT; MUTUALLY RESOLVEDIFFICULTIES "YES, I KNOW WE DISAGREE ON LOTS OF THINGS, SUSAN, BUT WE CAN IRON THEM OUT." ***** JACK UP (1. SEPARABLE): RAISE / LIFE BY USING A JACK. "WE'LL HAVE TO JACK THE BACK OF THE CAR UP BEFORE WE CAN CHANGE THE TIRE." JACK UP (2. SEPARABLE): RAISE (USED FOR PRICES). "THE CAR DEALER BOUGHT MY OLD FORD FOR $750 AND JACKED THE PRICE UP TO $1,500 WHEN THEY SOLD IT." ***** KEEP ON (1.INSEPARABLE−−FOLLOWED BY AN −ING VERB): CONTINUE "I'M NOT READY TO STOP YET. I THINK I'LL KEEP ON WORKING FOR A WHILE." KEEP ON (SOMEONE) (2. INSEPARABLE): CONTINUE TO REMIND SOMEONE TO DO SOMETHING UNTIL HE/SHE DOES IT (EVEN IF THIS IRRITATES HER/HIM). "BILL'S VERY FORGETFUL. YOU'LL HAVE TO KEEP ON HIM OR HE'LL NEVER DO ALL THE THINGS YOU WANT HIM TO DO." ***** LET DOWN (SEPARABLE): DISAPPOINT. "I KNOW I LET...
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