Phonetics And Phonology - Prominence

Fonetica y Fonología Inglesa II
1) What is prominence? Name the elements of prominence and briefly describe each of them.
Prominence may be acceptably explained as follows: the act ofpronouncing words and syllables outstandingly in an utterance.
Pitch | quality | quantity | and stress |
are necessarily taken into account when prominence is considered.
Stress takes event toan articulatory and auditory level. Muscular energy and breath force are taken into consideration whenever stress is thought of, to an articulatory level. Auditory stress is perceived as loudness,and can be defined as that property of sound which enables us using only our ears to place on a scale going from loud to soft.
Pitch is considered from the articulatory and auditory perspective.The tension and rate of vibration are taken into account whenever pitch is focused to an articulatory level. A scale running from high to low, or acute to grave are taken into consideration wheneverpitch is thought of, to an auditory level.
Quality is normally referred to that aspect of auditory sensation in terms of which two sounds similarly presented and having the same loudness, quantityand pitch are perceived as dissimilar.
Quantity is taken into account when considering lengthening of vowels.

2) Transcribe the following words and indicate
A- Primary stress
B- Secondarystress
C-Prominent syllable
D- Non-prominent syllable
-elegi 10 palabras de Lira o Finch-
I have picked out ten words from the book that was written by Diana Finch.

Unknown _ Intelligibility _irresponsibility _ Differentiation _ personification _ availability _ irritability _ predisposition _ consideration _ differentiate

. ˌʌnˈnəʊn

. . . . . .ɪnˌteɫʤˈbɪɫtɪ
. . . . . ɪrɪˌspɒnsˈbɪɫtɪ

. . . . . dɪfrenʃɪˈeɪʃn

. . . . ....
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