|Name: |Pablo Picasso |
|Born: |October 25 1881, Malaga, Spain |
|Died: |April 8 1973, Mougins, France |
|Father: |José Ruiz Blasco (1838 - 1913) |
|Mother: |Maria Picasso Y Lopez (1855 - 1939)|
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Pablo Picasso (1881 - 1973) started to paint when hewas eight years old. Like many children he would make drawings, but these were very different to today's children's drawings. According to psychology studies, by nature its not a child's intention to accurately depict a natural object and today children are left to draw freely. When Picasso was young, children would be expected to try to draw as closely to nature as possible, just like matureartists would draw and paint, in the age preceding abstract art. From the age of five on, Pablo would get drawing lessons at school, in Malaga. Children were taught to make drawings based on simple geometric forms, to which more detail was added until an accurate image of the subject resulted. This highly systematic approach to art would develop Picasso's remarkable sense of space and geometry and laya foundation for the ease with which he would later be able to characterize an object with a single line.
As Picasso's father was an art teacher, he would take full control of Pablo's education in art. He gave him lessons and sent him to schools where he was working as a teacher himself. As such, Picasso's father was ubiquitous in Pablo's life, both at home and in school. Remarkably, in hisfirst two major paintings, The First Communion (1896) and Science and Charity (1897), Pablo includes the (rather uninspired) portrait of his father.
As an artist, Pablo's father would specialize in painting animals, the least valued genre in his time. The most valued genres were history pieces (paintings that would depict scenes from popular history), as well as portraitism and under the influenceof his father, Pablo Picasso would concentrate on these subjects. Pablo's father would even use his influence with local newspapers to promote his son's work, as well as with jury members of art contests, in which Pablo participated.
In 1891 Picasso's father got a new job at the art school Instituto da Guarda in La Coruna, to where the family moved and in 1892 Pablo joined his father at theInstituto da Guarda as a student. For three years Pablo would enjoy a classical art education which started with the copying of basic forms. The use of geometric forms was used to create a simplified form of the natural object and by using that basis, more detail was added in several highly systematic stages.
In 1895 his father was appointed at the art academy La Lonja in Barcelona, where again hewas joined by Pablo. Picasso's father promoted Pablo's independence by renting him a studio in Barcelona.
With the financial aid of his uncles, Pablo goes to study in Madrid at the end of 1897. In La Coruna and Malaga Pablo had already received a thorough education and because Madrid had nothing new to offer him, he decided to quit mid-1898.
Picasso dropped out of school inMadrid not be because he thought he didn't have anything to learn anymore, but because the teachers in Madrid couldn't help him solve the technical problems he had. It was the young Picasso's aim to become a classical painter, like Vélasques or Rembrandt, but no matter how good he was for a sixteen year old, he couldn't match the old masters.
Composition was a weak point of his and would always...