Pobreza energética (energy poverty)

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 61 (15024 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 20 de enero de 2012
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME

UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION

EnErgy povErty How to make modern energy access universal?
Special early excerpt of the World Energy Outlook 2010 for the UN General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals

© OECD/IEA, September 2010

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY
The International Energy Agency (IEA), an autonomous agency,was established in November 1974. Its mandate is two-fold: to promote energy security amongst its member countries through collective response to physical disruptions in oil supply and to advise member countries on sound energy policy. The IEA carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among 28 advanced economies, each of which is obliged to hold oil stocks equivalent to 90 days ofits net imports. The Agency aims to: n Secure member countries’ access to reliable and ample supplies of all forms of energy; in particular, through maintaining effective emergency response capabilities in case of oil supply disruptions. n Promote sustainable energy policies that spur economic growth and environmental protection in a global context – particularly in terms of reducinggreenhouse-gas emissions that contribute to climate change. n Improve transparency of international markets through collection and analysis of energy data. n Support global collaboration on energy technology to secure future energy supplies and mitigate their environmental impact, including through improved energy efficiency and development and deployment of low-carbon technologies. n Find solutions to globalenergy challenges through engagement and dialogue with non-member countries, industry, international organisations and other stakeholders.

© OECD/IEA, 2010 International Energy Agency
9 rue de la Fédération 75739 Paris Cedex 15, France

Please note that this publication is subject to specific restrictions that limit its use and distribution. The terms and conditions are available online atwww.iea.org/about/copyright.asp

IEA member countries: Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea (Republic of) Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States
The European Commission also participates in the work of the IEA. ENERGY POVERTY How to make modern energy access universal?
Special early excerpt of the World Energy Outlook 2010 for the UN General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals

© OECD/IEA 2010

ENERGY POVERTY – How to make modern energy access universal?

Foreword
It is an alarming fact that today - in the 21st century - there are still billions of people without access to electricity orclean cooking facilities. The ambitious goals that have been set to eradicate extreme poverty can never be fully realised without acknowledging and confronting this fact. The international community has long been aware of the close relationship between development and access to modern energy services. But there is no Millennium Development Goal specifically related to energy. To help supportaction and policy making in this area, the International Energy Agency, the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation have pooled their resources and expertise to produce this report, an early excerpt from the forthcoming IEA World Energy Outlook 2010. Policy-makers need hard, quantitative information and analysis to make critical decisionsregarding the welfare of their citizens. With this in mind, we have quantified the number of people that lack access to modern energy services and the investment costs required to meet this gap. To ensure that every citizen in the world benefits from access to electricity and clean cooking facilities by 2030, this report estimates that investment of $36 billion per year is required. Our analysis...
tracking img