Portafo de ingles

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English`s Portafolio
Victor Ivan Ramirez Barrera

PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Personal pronouns are pronouns used as substitutes for proper or common nouns. All known human languages have personal pronouns.
English in common use today has seven personal pronouns:
* first-person singular (I)
* second-person singular and plural (you)
* third-person singular human or animate male (he)
*third-person singular human or animate female (she)
* third-person singular inanimate (it)
* first-person plural (we)
* third-person plural (they)
VERB TO BE
USE THE “VERB TO BE” WHIT THE PRONOUNS PERSONALS FOR SAY, “SER O ESTAR” IN SPANISH, NEXT PUT THE ADJETIVE.
* first-person singular (I) WITH (AM)
* second-person singular and plural (you) WITH (ARE)
* third-personsingular human or animate male (he) WITH (IS)
* third-person singular human or animate female (she) WITH (IS)
* third-person singular inanimate (it) WITH (IS)
* first-person plural (we) WITH (ARE)
* third-person plural (they) WITH (ARE)
POSITIVE FORM:
REGULAR FORM WITH CONTRANTION
I AM STUDENT ………………………………….I`M STUDENT
YOU ARESTUDENT…………………………….YOU`RE STUDENT
HE IS STUDENT………………………………….HE`S STUDENT
SHE IS STUDENT……………………………….SHE`S STUDENT
IT IS A STUDENT………………………………...IT`S A STUDENT
IN PLURAL ADD “S” EXAMPLE:
WE ARE STUDENTS……………………………..WE`RE STUDENTS
THEY ARE STUDENTS…………………………..THEY`RE STUDENTS
YOU ARE STUDENTS……………………………YOU`RE STUDENTS
NEGATIVE FORM:
IN TE NEGATIVE FORM ADD "NOT” NEXT TO THE VERB TO BE
REGULAR FORMWITH CONTRANTION
I AM NOT STUDENT ………………………….I`M NOT STUDENT
YOU ARE NOT STUDENT…………………….YOU AREN`T STUDENT
HE IS NOT STUDENT…………………………HE ISN`T STUDENT
SHE IS NOT STUDENT……………………….SHE ISN`T STUDENT
IT IS NOT A STUDENT…………………………IT ISN`T A STUDENT
WE ARE NOT STUDENTS………………………WE AREN`T STUDENTS
THEY ARE NOT STUDENTS………………….THEY AREN`T STUDENTS
YOU ARE NOT STUDENTS……………………YOU AREN`TSTUDENTS

QUESTION FORM
IN THE QUESTION FORM PUT THE VERB TO BE AFTHER PRONOUN PERSONAL.
AM I STUDENT?
ARE YOU STUDENT?
IS HE STUDENT?
IS SHE STUDENT?
IS IT A STUDENT?
ARE WE STUDENTS?
ARE THEY STUDENT?

SINGULAR PLURAL RULES
Rule #1
The plural of nouns is usually formed by adding - s to a singular noun.
 lamp |  lamps |
 cat |  cats |
 fork |  forks |
 flower |  flowers |
 pen|  pens |
Exercise:  Write the plural of each of these nouns
 chair |  star |  farm |
 storm |  door |  rock |
 owner |  paper |  cup |
Rule #2
Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding - es.
 moss |  mosses |
 buzz |  buzzes |
 box |  boxes |
 dish  |  dishes |
 church |  churches |
 
Special Note:
If you add - s to such nouns as fox, bush, and bench, youwill find that you cannot pronounce them without making an additional syllable.  This is why such nouns form the plural by adding - es.
Rule #3
Nouns ending in - y preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by changing - y to - ies.  
Examples:  lady, ladies; city, cities; army, armies
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Rule #4
Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowelform their plurals by adding - s.  
Example:  boy, boys; day, days
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Rule #5
Most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by adding es.  Example:  hero; heroes; grotto, grottoes
*may add - s or - es
The following are among those that add s only |
 canto |  solo |  piano |  lasso |
 halo |  memento |  albino |  sirocco |
 
 Special Note:
Most nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed into a plural by adding - s.
Example:  folio, folios; cameo; cameos; studio, studios; portfolio, portfolios
 Rule #6
Some nouns ending in f or fe are made plural by changing f or fe to - ves.  
Example:  beef, beeves; wife, wives
The following form their plurals by adding - s. |
 chief, chiefs  |...
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