Potatoes

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* The Origins of the Potato
Potatoes are one of the most common foods found today. But, have you ever wonder how this came to be. Where do potatoes come from? What istheir history?
The life of the potato began around 7,000 years ago in the high plateau of the Andean Mountains of South America, which is known today as the TiticacaPlateau and which stretches across the modern countries of Peru and Bolivia. In this region at elevations of up to 15,000 feet the Aymara Indians were able to develop andcultivate more than two hundred varieties of the potato. These potatoes formed the main basis of the Aymara Indian and the Incan diet. These natives were impressed by thedurability, quality and nutritional value this vegetable of the earth offered them.

* Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange was a dramatically exchange ofanimals, plants, culture, human populations (including slaves), communicable disease, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres.

* Potato became staplesof human diets
In Ireland, a single acre of potatoes and the milk of a single cow was enough to feed a whole Irish family a monotonous but nutritionally adequate diet fora healthy, vigorous rural population. 

* Irish Potato Famine
During the famine approximately 1 million people died and a million more emigrated from Ireland.The proximate cause of famine was a potato disease commonly known as potato blight which is caused by Phytophthora infestans.

* Guanomania (1854)
In 40 years Peruhad exported about 13 million tons of guano to Europe, because they had preference for fertilizers like guano in order to nitrify the potato instead of using pesticides.
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