Declarative and interrogative Sentences.
A declarative sentence begins with a capital letter and ends in a period. It gives information. Ex. Sudan is a country in Africa.
Interrogative sentences or questions are sentences that ask something. It begins with a capital letter and ends with a question mark (?). Ex. Will you go to the party with me? TIP: questions often begin with the words who,what, where, when, how, or why.
Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences
Command or imperative sentences tell you to do something. They also begin with a capital letter and end in a period. TIP: Declarative sentences usually begin with a noun (person, place or thing) or pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they). Imperative sentences often begin with a verb (do, go, take, sit, follow). Ex. Use thebright blue marker.
Exclamatory sentences show excitement or surprise. They begin with a capital letter and end with an exclamatory point. Ex. Necaxa won the championship!
The sentences below are missing periods and capital letters. Add periods and capital letters where they are needed.
On Saturday, Melanie and I set up a lemonade stand We made colorful signs to hang aroundthe neighborhood dad helped us make cookies and chocolate pretzels We wanted to make sure our clients would be thirsty
Read the sentences below. If it is declarative write D on the line. If it is a question write I. If it is an imperative or command write C. If it is an exclamation write E.
It is simple and fun to make your own lemonade. _________
We won the game! _________
Areyou sure that this is your book? _________
Watch out. _________
Mix the lemon juice with six cups of water. _________
Read the sentences below. Then rewrite them as a question. For example:
It was cold and rainy on Saturday. A= What was the weather like on Saturday?
How was the weather like on Saturday?
The skin of a toad feels dry and bumpy.____________________________________________________________
There are more than 4,000 species of frogs in the world.
Write D if the sentence is declarative. Write I if the sentence is interrogative.
Some license plates teach history lessons. _____
A person who works ina library is a librarian. _____
Are pets allowed at the library? _____
The librarian asked us to be quiet. _____
Can I do my homework at this table? _____
Who is your favorite author? _____
Subject and Predicate
The subject of a sentence is what a sentence is about. It is usually found at the beginning of the sentence before the verb. A subject can be a single word or it can bemany words. A simple subject can be more than one word , for example, a name: San Francisco is a city in California. Another example with more than one word as a simple subject: Four raccoons, three chipmunks, and an opossum live in my backyard.
A predicate tells what happens in a sentence. It tells what the subject is or does. The predicate always includes the verb. Finding the verb in asentence can help you identify the predicate. A simple predicate can be more than one word, for example, a main verb and any helping verbs: We are going to California. A suspension bridge is a bridge that hangs from cables.
In each sentence underline the subject with one line and the predicate with two lines. Then on the line write the simple subject and circle the simple predicate. Example: Theentire team cheered when the winning goal was scored. team
The Golden Gate Bridge is located in San Francisco, California. ________________
The bridge was built in 1937. ________________
Many movies and TV shows have included views of the bridge. ________________
Circle the simple subject and the simple predicate of each sentence.
San Francisco was his favorite American city....
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