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Jose Doroteo Arango Arambula, [4] better known by his pseudonym Francisco Villa or the diminutive of this, Pancho Villa. He was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution [5] which military actionwas decisive in the defeat of the regime of then President Victoriano Huerta. [5] A native of Durango state [3] (it is unknown whether it was Rio Grande [6 ] or San Juan del Rio [3]), was born on June5, 1878 [1] and was killed in an ambush in Hidalgo del Parral (Chihuahua) on 20 July 1923. [2] During the revolution was known as "El Centauro del Norte". [7]

Commander of the Northern Division,[8] was leader of the northern state of Chihuahua, which, given its size, mineral wealth, and proximity to the United States of America, gave him considerable resources. Villa was provisional governorof Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914. Although you are not accepted in the pantheon of national heroes ", but even 20 years after his death, his memory is honored today by Mexicans, Americans and peoplearound the world. [9] In addition, numerous streets and neighborhoods Mexico and other countries have been named in his honor.

Villa and his followers, known as Villa, seized the lands of farmers fordistribution to peasants and soldiers. He grasped the train and, like many revolutionary generals, printed fiat money used to pay for their cause.

The dominance of northern Mexico Villa broke in1915, [10] through a series of defeats suffered in Celaya and Agua Prieta in the hands of Alvaro Obregon and Plutarco Elias Calles. After Villa's attack on Columbus, in 1915, General John J. Pershingtried unsuccessfully to capture Villa for a year. As the popular run in memory of tacit victory over former Villa, a little later, the commander of U.S. forces in the First World War:

In Columbusburns and traps / what comes for Pershing / Tiger squirrel gets / and you can not encontrar... / Mi General Pancho Villa, I come to sing ...
Villa retired in 1920 and was given a large estate that...
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