Preposiciones comunes

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Preposiciones Comunes: a, en, de, con, sin, por y para

Preposiciones Comunes: a, en, de, con, sin, por y para

Common Prepositions: a, en, de, sin, por and para (Preposiciones Comunes: a, en, de, con, sin, por y para)

This lesson includes information on:
1. Preposition "a"
2. Preposition "en"
3. Preposition "de"
4. Preposition "con"
5. Preposition "sin"
6. Preposition "por"
7.Preposition "para"
8. Related Vocabulary
1. Preposition "a" - The preposition "a" is commonly translated as "to" but it has many more uses in Spanish. "A" is typically used in the following situations:
1. After a verb and before a(n):
o Person or a personal pronoun - The "a" indicates a personal relationship
o A domesticated animal (e.g., my dog)
o A place - Indicating moving towardsomething or someplace.
Spanish English
Visito a Juan I visit John
No conozco a nadie I don't know anybody
Busco a mi perro I am looking for my dog
Viajo a Guatemala I travel to Guatemala
o
2. Before a time
Spanish English
Voy a las siete I am going at seven
Tenemos una reunión a las once We have a meeting at eleven
3.
4. After verbs indicating "to start an action or motion"and before an infinitive. For example,
o Empiezo a cocinar la cena (I am beginning to cook dinner).
o Voy a pagar (I am going to pay).
o Comienzo a estudiar Español (I begin studying Spanish).

Typically with these verbs:
Spanish English
Aprender a To learn how to
Aspirar a To aspire to
Atreverse a To dare to
Ayudar a To help to
Comenzar a To begin to
Contribuir a Tocontribute to
Correr a To run to
Decidirse a To decide to
Dedicarse a To dedicate oneself to
Echarse a To start to
Empezar a To begin to
Enseñar a To teach how to
Invitar a To invite to
Ir a To go to
Llegar a To come to
Negarse a To refuse to
Prepararse a To prepare to
Ponerse a To start to
Salir a To go out to
Venir a To come to
Volver a To do something again

2.Preposition "en" - The preposition "en" is commonly translated as "in" but it has many more uses in Spanish. "En" is typically used in the following situations:
1. As on/in/into" and expresses an exact situation, an exact time, time required to complete an action, method used, and final results.
Spanish English
Ella está en la casa She is in the house.
Como en dos horas. I will eat in two hours.Lejiste en una hora. He read the book in one hour.
2.
3. After certain verbs and before an infinitive. For example,
o Pienso en estudiar Español (I am thinking about studying Spanish).
o Juan tardó en comenzar la clase (Juan delayed the start of the class).
Commonly with these verbs:
Spanish English
Consistir en To consist of
Convenir en To agree to
Insistir enTo insist on
Pensar en To think about, to contemplate
Tarder en To delay in

3. Preposition "de" - The preposition "de" is commonly translated as "of" but it has many more uses in Spanish. "De" is typically used in the following situations:
1. Expresses possession - For example, El libro de Julio (Julio's book).
2. Origin/where one is from - For example, Soy de los Estados Unidos (I amfrom the United States).
3. Period of day - For example, A las tres de la tarde (At three in the afternoon).
4. Construction material - La mesa de madera (The wood table).
5. After certain verbs and before an infinitive. For example, Trato de estudiar Español (I am trying to study Spanish).

Typically with these verbs:
Spanish English
Acabar de To have just
Acordarse de To rememberAlegrarse de To be happy to
Arrepentirse de To regret
Apiadarse de To have pity
Cansarse de To tire of
Dejar de To stop
Depender de To depend on
Jactarse de To boast of
Olvidarse de To forget
Parar de To stop
Pensar de To think about (opinion)
Quejarse de To complain of
Terminar de To finish
Tratar de To try to
6.
7. Commonly used in the following idiomatic expressions:...
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