Present and past unreal conditions

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PRESENT AND PAST UNREAL CONDITIONS

Present Unreal Conditional
FORM
[If ... Simple Past ..., ... would + verb ...]
[... would + verb ... if ... Simple Past ...]
USE
The Present Unreal Conditional is used to talk about what you would generally do in imaginary situations.
Examples:
• If I owned a car, I would drive to work. But I don't own a car.
• She would travel around theworld if she had more money. But she doesn't have much money.
• I would read more if I didn't watch so much TV.
• Mary would move to Japan if she spoke Japanese.
• If they worked harder, they would earn more money.
• A: What would you do if you won the lottery?
B: I would buy a house.
• A: Where would you live if you moved to the U.S.?
B: I would live in Seattle.EXCEPTION If I were ...
In the Present Unreal Conditional, the form "was" is not considered grammatically correct. In written English or in testing situations, you should always use "were." However, in everyday conversation, "was" is often used.
Examples:
• If he were French, he would live in Paris.
• If she were rich, she would buy a yacht.
• I would play basketball if I weretaller.
• I would buy that computer if it were cheaper.
• I would buy that computer if it was cheaper. Not Correct (But often said in conversation.)
IMPORTANT Only use "If"
Only the word "if" is used with the Present Unreal Conditional because you are discussing imaginary situations. "When" cannot be used.
Examples:
• I would buy that computer when it were cheaper. Not Correct• I would buy that computer if it were cheaper. Correct
EXCEPTION Conditional with Modal Verbs
There are some special conditional forms for modal verbs in English:
would + can = could
would + shall = should
would + may = might
The words "can," "shall" and "may" cannot be used with "would." Instead, they must be used in these special forms.
Examples:
• If I went to Egypt, I would canlearn Arabic. Not Correct
• If I went to Egypt, I could learn Arabic. Correct
• If she had time, she would may go to the party. Not Correct
• If she had time, she might go to the party. Correct
The words "could," should," "might" and "ought to" include conditional, so you cannot combine them with "would."
Examples:
• If I had more time, I would could exercise after work. NotCorrect
• If I had more time, I could exercise after work. Correct
• If he invited you, you really would should go. Not Correct
• If he invited you, you really should go. Correct

Principio del formulario
Did you hear about that guy who won 180 million dollars in the lottery? If I (win) [pic]that much money, I (quit) [pic]my job the next day. I (travel) [pic]around the world and(stay) [pic]in the most luxurious hotels. If I (want) [pic]anything, I (buy) [pic]it. If I (see) [pic]a beautiful Mercedes that I wanted, I (buy) [pic]it. If I wanted to stay in a beautiful hotel and the hotel (be) [pic]full, I (buy) [pic]the hotel and make them give me a room. I (can) [pic]do anything in the world if I had 180 million dollars ... Oh, I am starting to sound a littlematerialistic... Well... I (do) [pic]good things with the money as well. If anybody (need) [pic]help, I (give) [pic]them some money to help them out. I (donate) [pic]money to charities. I (give) [pic]money to help support the arts. If I (win) [pic]that much money, I wouldn't keep it all for myself. I (help) [pic]as many people as possible.

Final del formulario
Did you hear about that guy who won 180 milliondollars in the lottery? If I (win) won that much money, I (quit) would quit my job the next day. I (travel) would travel around the world and (stay) stay in the most luxurious hotels. If I (want) wanted anything, I (buy) would buy it. If I (see) saw a beautiful Mercedes that I wanted, I (buy) would buy it. If I wanted to stay in a beautiful hotel and the hotel (be) were full, I (buy) would buy...
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