Present perfect

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The Present Perfect Tense - When to use
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1. We use the Present Perfect Tense to talk about experiences. It is important if we have done it in our lives or not. It is not important when we did it.
Examples
I have been abroad two times.
Anna has never broken a leg.
Have you ever eaten sushi?
Tip! We often use never and ever with thePresent Perfect Tense to talk about experience.
2. We use the Present Perfect Tense to talk about an action which started in the past and continuous up to now.
Examples
I have been a teacher for more than ten years.
We haven't seen Janine since Friday.
How long have you been at this school?
Tip! We often use since and for to say how long the action has lasted.
3. We also use thePresent Perfect Tense to talk about a past action that has the result in the present.
Examples
I have lost my wallet. = I don't have it now.
Jimmy has gone to South America. = He isn't here now.
Have you finished your homework? = Is your homework ready?
Tip! We often use just, already and yet with the Present Perfect Tense for an action in the past with the result in the present.Uses of the Present Perfect - Practice
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Exercise: chose for or since.
1. You have broken my watch!
2. I have never been to Paris.
3. How long have you been here?
4. Angela has bought a new flat.
5. How many times have you been married?
6. We haven't worked on a farm.
7. This building has been an office since 1998.

The PresentPerfect Tense - How to form
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We make the Present Perfect tense with the correct form of the auxiliary verb have (have/has) and the third form (past participle) of the mail verb.
To form the past participle of the regular verbs, we add ed to the infinitive.
Examples:
I have worked as a secretary for two years.
Have you ever visited the Disneyland?The film hasn't started yet.
Tip! You may want to visit The English Irregular Verbs pages to learn how we form the past simple (second form) and past participles (third form) of some English verbs..
Present Perfect - Positive Sentences
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I 've been to Moscow.
You 've finished the exercise.
He 's just gone home.
She 's already had a holiday this year.It 's broken!
We 've seen this film before.
They 've bought a new car.

Exercise: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in brackets.
Example: I (see) my new teacher.
• The train to Newcastle already (leave).
• Alan (be) married twice.
• The Browns (have) a baby!
• I (break) my leg once.
• We (live) here for a year.

Present Perfect - Negative Sentences________________________________________
I haven't been abroad yet.
You haven't answered my question.
He hasn't been home for five years.
She hasn't found a new job.
It hasn't finished yet.
We haven't worked on a farm.
They haven't seen each other for ages.

Exercise: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in brackets.
Example: The kids (go) to bed yet.
• I think I (see) her before.• She (have) a holiday this year.
• The shop (open) yet.
• John never (ride) a bicycle.
• We (do) our homework yet.

Present Perfect - Yes/No Questions
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Have I ever done it before?
Have you been to the cinema recently?
Has he worked here long?
Has she already sent the fax?
Has it ever been in a crash?
Have we done it right?
Have they gonehome yet?

Exercise: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in brackets.
Example: you (meet) our new teacher?
• your son ever (sleep) in a tent?
• Ms Bixby (work) here longer than you?
• you (see) my glasses?
• the post (arrive)?
• they (fix) the car?

Present Perfect - Information Questions
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What have I done?
How long...
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