Exercise on affirmative sentences
1. I / to read a book - I am reading a book.(I + am + ing form)
2. he / to repair his bike - He is repairing his bike.
3. they / to watch a film - They are watching a film.(we/you/they + are + ing form)
4. the cat /to sleep on the chair - The cat is sleeping on the chair.
5. Jane and Emily / to do theirhomework - Jane and Emily are doing their homework.
6. Bill / to wait at the bus stop - Bill is waiting at the bus stop.
7. we / to listen to the radio - We are listening to the radio.(
8. the children / to play a game - The children are playing a game.
9. Exercise on negative sentences
Transform the sentences below into negative sentences.
1. I am watching TV. - I am notwatching TV.
2. I am talking. - I am not talking.
3. They are drawing. - They are not drawing.
4. He is opening the window. - He is not opening the window.
5. You are singing. - You are not singing.
6. It is raining. - It is not raining.
Present Progressive - Introduction
The present progressive puts emphasis on the course or duration of an action.
The presentprogressive is used for actions going on in the moment of speaking and for actions taking place only for a short period of time. It is also used to express development and actions that are arranged for the near future.
Present progressive is also known as present continuous.
Use a form of to be and the infinite verb plus -ing.
* am with the personal pronoun I
* is with the personalpronouns he, she or it (or the singular form of nouns)
* are with the personal pronouns you, we, they (or the plural form of nouns)
| affirmative | negative | question |
I | I am playing. | I am not playing. | Am I playing? |
he, she, it | He is playing. | He is not playing. | Is he playing? |
you, we, they | You are playing. | You are not playing. | Are you playing? |
Tips on how to formnegative sentences and questions
In negative sentences, we put not between the form of be and the verb.
In questions, we simply swop the places of subject and the form of be.
Present Progressive - Exceptions in Spelling
A single, silent e at the end of the word is dropped before ing.
example: come - coming
I am coming home. You are coming home. He is coming home.
But: ee at the end of theword is not changed
example: agree - agreeing
The final consonant after a short, stressed vowel is doubled before ing.
example: sit - sitting
I am sitting on the sofa. You are sitting on the sofa. He is sitting on the sofa.
The letter l as final consonant after a vowel is always doubled before ing.
example: travel - travelling
I am travelling around. You are travelling around. He istravelling around.
An ie at the end of a word becomes y before ing.
example: lie - lying
I am lying in bed. You are lying in bed. He is lying in bed.
Present Progressive - Short Forms
affirmative | negative |
I am playing. - I'm playing. | I am not playing. - I'm not playing. |
He is playing. - He's playing. | He is not playing. - He's not playing. / He isn't playing. |
We are playing. -We're playing. | We are not playing. - We're not playing. /We aren't playing. |
Present Progressive - Use
Actions taking place at the moment of speaking (now) Level: elementary
He is playing football. | The action is going on now.Signal words like now, at the moment are often used to emphasise that the action is taking place at the moment of speaking. Signal words are not really necessary,however, as this is already expressed by the tense itself.Exercise |
Arrangements for the near future Level: lower intermediate
I'm going to the theatre tonight. | In the example you can see that the tickets are already bought. So we are talking about an arrangement for the near future.To make clear that the action is not going on now, we usually use signal words like tonight, tomorrow,...