THEME: Simple Present / Present Tense
[VERB] + s/es in third person
•You speak English.
•Do you speak English?
•You do not speak English.
Complete List of Simple Present Forms
USE 1 Repeated Actions
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled eventor something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
•I play tennis.
•She does not play tennis.
•Does he play tennis?
•The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
•The train does not leave at 9 AM.
•When does the train usually leave?
•She always forgets her purse.
•He never forgets his wallet.
•Every twelve months, the Earthcircles the Sun.
•Does the Sun circle the Earth?
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
•Cats like milk.
•Birds do not like milk.
•Dopigs like milk?
•California is in America.
•California is not in the United Kingdom.
•Windows are made of glass.
•Windows are not made of wood.
•New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future
Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talkingabout public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.
•The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
•The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.
•When do we board the plane?
•The party starts at 8 o'clock.
•When does class begin tomorrow?
USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)
Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an actionis happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.
•I am here now.
•She is not here now.
•He needs help right now.
•He does not need help now.
•He has his passport in his hand.
•Do you have your passport with you?
The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never,ever, still, just, etc.
•You only speak English.
•Do you only speak English?
ACTIVE / PASSIVE
•Once a week, Tom cleans the car. Active
•Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. Passive
Verb Tense Exercise 1
Simple Present / Present Continuous
1. Every Monday, Sally (drive) ________ her kids to football practice.
2. Usually, I (work) ______ as a secretaryat ABT, but this summer I (study) _____________ French at a language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris.
3. Shhhhh! be quiet! John (sleep) ____________.
4. Don't forget to take your umbrella. It (rain) ___________.
5. I hate living in Seattle because it (rain, always) _____________.
6. I'm sorry I can't hear what you (say) __________ because everybody (talk)__________ so loudly.
7. Justin (write, currently) ____________________ a book about his adventures in Tibet. I hope he can find a good publisher when he is finished.
8. Jim: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight?
Denise: Oh, I'm sorry, I can't. I (go) _________ to a movie tonight with some friends.
9. The business cards (be, normally) ____________ printed by a company inNew York. Their prices (be) ____ inexpensive, yet the quality of their work is quite good.
10. This delicious chocolate (be) ___ made by a small chocolatier in Zurich, Switzerland.
Infinitive | Simple Past | PastParticiple | Spanish |
answer | answered | answered | responder |
arrive | arrived | arrived | llegar |
ask | asked...