His moment came in 1778, when France and Spain provided military support to the American Revolution, which allowed him to deliver a decisive blow at the Battle of Yorktown (1781). Britain recognized the independence of its thirteen colonies in North America for the Peace of Versailles in 1783.
Achieved independence, prestige accumulated by Washington was that requested tocontinue in political life, acting as arbiter between the two currents that discussed the future of the country: Hamilton's Federalists and Jefferson's Republicans.
Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention gathered in Philadelphia in 1787, intending to replace the ineffective Articles of Confederation by a true republican Constitution, federal and presidential, to strengthen thecentral power and cohesion among the thirteen states. He put all his personal prestige at stake for the Constitution was adopted by the States reluctant, thus came into force in 1789. And immediately he was elected to be the first president of the United States (and reelected in 1792).
2. JOHN ADAMS
John Adams (October 30, 1735 - July 4, 1826) was the second President of the United States. It isconsidered one of the founding fathers of the country.
Adams came to prominence in the early stages of the American Revolution. As a Massachusetts delegate to the Continental Congress, played a major role in persuading Congress to declare independence, and helped Thomas Jefferson in drafting the Declaration of Independence of the United States in 1776. As a representative of Congress in Europe, wasone of the main negotiators of the Treaty of Paris (1783) with Great Britain, and one of the main responsible for the borrowing important bankers of Amsterdam. Political theorist and historian, Adams wrote much of the Massachusetts state constitution in 1780, but was in Europe when the federal Constitution was drafted on similar principles. One of his greatest roles was when selecting people forvarious positions: in 1775, appointed George Washington as commander in chief of the Continental Army, and twenty-five years later, he appointed John Marshall as Chief Justice of United States.
3. THOMAS JEFFERSON
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826) 1 was the third president of the United States, holding office between 1801 and 1809. He is considered one of the Founding Fathers ofthe Nation.
His eminence is given because it was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence of the United States, 1776. Jefferson was one of the most influential Founding Fathers, known for its promotion of the ideals of republicanism in the United States. Envisioned the United States of America as the force behind a great "empire of liberty" 2 to promote democracy and fight againstBritish imperialism.
The main events that took place during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806), as well as escalating tensions with Britain and France, which led to war with Great Britain in 1812 after leaving office.
As a political philosopher, Jefferson was a man of the Enlightenment and knew many intellectual leaders in Britainand France. He idealized the independent smallholder farmers as an example of republican virtues, distrusted cities and financiers, favored the rights of states and a federal government strictly limited. Jefferson supported the separation of church and State3 and was the author of the Statute for Religious Freedom in Virginia (1779, 1786). He was the eponym of Jeffersonian democracy and the leaderand co-founder with James Madison the Democratic-Republican Party, which dominated American politics for 25 years. Jefferson was the governor of Virginia during the War of Independence (1779-1781), the first Secretary of State (1789-1793) and Second Vice-President of the United States (1797-1801).
4. JAMES MADISON
James Madison (March 16, 1751 - June 28, 1836) was the fourth president of the...