Pressent progressive

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  • Publicado : 14 de enero de 2011
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1. Future
2. Past Participle
3. Present Perfect
4. Past Perfect
5. Future Perfect
6. Conditional
Present Progressive
Notes:
1. The written lesson is below.
2. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.
The present progressive is formed by combining the verb "to be" with the present participle. (The present participle is merely the "-ing" form of averb.)
I am studying.
I am studying with María.
In English, present progressive can be used to describe what is happening now, or what will happen in the future.
I am studying now.
I am studying with María tonight.
In Spanish, the present progressive is only used to describe an action that is in the process of taking place. It is not used for future actions.
I am studying now.
(usepresent progressive)
I am studying with María tonight.
(do not use present progressive)
To form the present progressive in Spanish, combine a form of "estar" with the present participle.
Estoy hablando.
I am speaking.
Juan está comiendo.
John is eating.
María está escribiendo una carta.
Mary is writing a letter.
In order to form the present progressive, you must know how to conjugate the verbestar, and how to form the present participle. You already know how to conjugate the verb estar:
estar
estoy
estás
está
estamos
estáis
están
To form the present participle of regular -ar verbs, add -ando to the stem of the verb.
hablar: hablando
(hablar - ar + ando)
trabajar: trabajando
(trabajar - ar + ando)
estudiar: estudiando
(estudiar - ar + ando)
To form the presentparticiple of regular -er and -ir verbs, add -iendo to the stem of the verb.
comer: comiendo
(comer - er + iendo)
hacer: haciendo
(hacer - er + iendo)
vivir: viviendo
(vivir - ir + iendo)
escribir: escribiendo
(escribir - ir + iendo)
To form the present participle of -ir stem changing verbs, change e:i and o:u in the stem, and then add -iendo to the stem of the verb.
servir: sirviendo
pedir:pidiendo
decir: diciendo
dormir: durmiendo
morir: muriendo
poder: pudiendo
Sometimes when forming the present participle it is necessary to change the spelling of a word so that it agrees with the way it is pronounced. We call this an "orthographic" change. Here are some common examples:
caer: cayendo
creer: creyendo
huir: huyendo
ir: yendo
influir: influyendo
oír: oyendo
traer: trayendoleer: leyendo
seguir: siguiendo

The following examples illustrate the rules for forming the present participle.
hablar: hablando (-ar)
comer: comiendo (-er)
vivir: viviendo (-ir)
decir: diciendo (e:i)
dormir: durmiendo (o:u)
leer: leyendo (orthographic)
seguir: siguiendo (orthographic)

To form the present progressive, simply conjugate the verb estar to agree with the subject of thesentence, and follow it with the present participle.
Juan está comiendo pan.
John is eating bread.
María y Carmen están hablando con nosotros.
Mary and Carmen are speaking with us.

Remember, only use the present progressive for actions that are "in progress." Compare the uses of the present indicative with the uses of the present progressive.
Estudio español. (Present Indicative)
I studySpanish.
I am studying Spanish (these days).
I do study Spanish.
Estoy estudiando español. (Present Progressive)
I am studying (right now, at this moment) Spanish.
It is important to remember that you would never use the present progressive to say something like "We are going to Spain this summer." Use present progressive only for actions that are "in progress."

Let's add two more verbflashcards: one for present progressive and one for practice in forming the present participle:
Verb Flashcards
Complete List
Present Progressive
estar + present participle
I am speaking (right now, at this moment)
Never use present progressive for something that will occur in the future.
Present Participle (-ando, -iendo, yendo)
hablar - hablando (-ar)
comer - comiendo (-er)
vivir -...
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