In human context, is a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence. In most societies it is the principal institution for the socialization of children.
Thedifferent types of families occur in a wide variety of settings, and their specific functions and meanings depend largely on their relationship to other social institutions. Sociologists have a specialinterest in the function and status of these forms in stratified (especially capitalist) societies. The term "nuclear family" is commonly used, especially in the United States and Europe, to refer toconjugal families. Sociologists distinguish between conjugal families (relatively independent of the kindred of the parents and of other families in general) and nuclear families (which maintainrelatively close ties with their kindred). The term "extended family" is also common, especially in the United States and Europe.
Hunting and Gathering families
Nomadic family of Afghanistan.
At an earlystage of development societies may practice hunting and gathering. Ideal type characteristics for these societies include:
* Small groups (30–100 people)
* Open, elliptical camps
* Children spaced apart 4–5 years in age (due to low fat diet and regular lactation)
Ideal type characteristics for labor division is as follows:
* Gather 80% offood supply
* Manage distribution of food
* Care for children
* Build/repair shelters
* Prepare the fields
* Care forchildren
* Build structures
* Help to gather food
* Discipline is passive
* Cared for by siblings, parents, and other adults
The general ideology of these groupsis typically:
*Egalitarian (no hierarchy of power; men, women, children cooperate)
*Monogamus and bilineal
*Divorce not common, nor traumatic
*No wealth to divide