Procesos de formacion sociocultural de nuestros aborigenes

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Int. J. S. Am.Archaeol. 2: 34-45 (2008)
El Estudio de los Procesos Socioculturales Prehispánicos del Centro-Suroccidente de
Colombia y Norte del Ecuador, utilizando MetodologíasTransdisciplinarias
Carlos Armando Rodríguez
Museo Arqueológico Julio César Cubillos - Grupo de Investigación ARQUEODIVERSIDAD
Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia.
Email address: carodrig@univalle.edu.coEduardo Forero Lloreda
Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia, ICANH
Bogotá. D.C. Colombia
Email address: eforero@icanh.gov.co
José Vicente Rodríguez Cuenca
Departamento de Antropología,Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Email address: jvrodriguezc@unal.edu.co
Available online 29 February 2008
2011-0626/$ - see font matter © 2007-2008 Archaeodiversity Research Group & SyllabaPress. All rights reserved.
ID: ijsa00011h ttp ://www.ijsa .syll ab ap ress.co m/issu es/ij sa0 2 art0 3.sh t ml
Abstract
One of the traditional methods used to propose models of interpretationof sociocultural processes of pre-Hispanic Latin American countries, has been the use of archaeological and historical sources, i.e. methods based on the historic and anthropological disciplinarity.However, the implementation of complex methodologies that cross disciplines, has proved to be a more efficient methodological procedure to study the complexity of biological and socio natural processesin the past, where the phenomena of holism and complementarity played a very important role. The article identifies and characterizes the great social and cultural diversity that existed in theMagdalena Medio, Southwest Colombia and North Ecuador, from the late Pleistocene (14000) to 1550 AD, historic moment in which the disarticulation of aboriginal social formations and enforcement by thecross and the sword, a new Iberian social order began. We propose a model for interpretation of the past, which integrates the ecological realities, biological and sociocultural factors in specific...
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