Writing Academic English
Advanced 08 W
Martínez Carranza, Rómulo Manuel
Chapter 5: Chronological Order – Process Essays
Chapter 6: Cause/Effect Essays
Chapter 7: Comparison/Contrast Essays
Chapter 8: Paraphrase and Summary
Chapter 5: Chronological Order – Process Essayshttp://amarris.homestead.com/files/process_essay.html
The Process Essay
The process pattern of organization is especially important in scientific writing. For example, it is used to describe biological processes such as T cell lymphocyte production, chemical processes such as the interaction of drugs, and technical processes such as a colonoscopy.
The definition essay contains an introductory paragraph, bodyparagraphs, and concluding paragraph. Each part has a basic pattern of organization. However, before we examine these patterns, let's first look at a sample outline for the digestive process.
OutlineI. Introduction |
Thesis: Ingestion, digestion, and absorption are the three major steps involved in the digestive process. |
II. Food is ingested. |
A. Food enters the mouth. |
B.Food is chewed. |
C. Food is ready to travel to the stomach. |
III. Food is digested. |
A. Food is mixed with acidic gastric juices in the stomach. |
B. The partially liquid food moves from the stomach to the small intestine. |
C. Enzymes are secreted. |
IV. Absorption |
A. The digested food passes through the walls of the small intestine. |
B.The digested food is absorbed into the bloodstream. |
V. Conclusion |
Paraphrased Thesis: The digestion process involves three major steps: ingestion, digestion, and absorption. |
Process Essay Pattern of Organization
1. State what the process is and why it is important.
The digestive process is important in maintaining the lives of living organisms and in providingthem with needed energy.
2. Give background information, and define the process.
A group of organs, such as: the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines. They work together to perform this complex task. Digestion is the process of breaking down food from large molecules into small ones to make it easier for absorption.
3. State the thesis sentence to include the purpose and the main idea ofthe essay.
The three major steps involved in the digestive process are ingestion, digestion, and absorption.
From HSC English 181, you already know that a paragraph consists of the following:
* Topic sentence
Ingestion, which occurs in the mouth, is the first step in the digestive process.
* Major supporting sentence(s)
After food enters the mouth, theteeth chew it.
Saliva, which is produced by the salivary glands, plays a major role in breaking down the food into smaller pieces.
* Minor supporting sentence(s)
These small pieces travel to the stomach through the esophagus.
When you write an essay body paragraph, you need to remember two points. First, each topic sentence must not only contain the main idea of the paragraph, but alsothat main idea must be a main point of the thesis sentence. Furthermore, the body paragraphs must be written in the order that the main points are listed in the thesis sentence. For example, if you write that the three major steps involved in the digestive process are ingestion, digestion, and absorption, then your first body paragraph must be about ingestion, the second about digestion, and thefinal body paragraph about absorption.
1. Paraphrase the thesis sentence.
2. Summarize the main steps of the process.
The Completed Essay
A PROCESS OF DIGESTION
The digestive process is important in maintaining the lives of living organisms and in providing them with needed energy. A group of organs, such as: the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines. They...