Produccion camara-video

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Single-Camera Video Production
Fourth Edition

Series editor: Peter Ward
16MM FILM CUTTING John Burder AUDIO FOR SINGLE CAMERA OPERATION Tony Grant BASIC BETACAM CAMERAWORK, Third Edition Peter Ward BASIC STUDIO DIRECTING Rod Fairweather BASIC TV TECHNOLOGY, Fourth Edition Robert L. Hartwig THE CONTINUITY SUPERVISOR, Fourth Edition Avril Rowlands CREATING SPECIAL EFFECTS FOR TV AND VIDEO,Third Edition Bernard Wilkie DIGITAL VIDEO CAMERAWORK Peter Ward EFFECTIVE TV PRODUCTION, Third Edition Gerald Millerson GRAMMAR OF THE EDIT Roy Thompson GRAMMAR OF THE SHOT Roy Thompson INTRODUCTION TO SNG AND ENG MICROWAVE Jonathan Higgins LIGHTING FOR VIDEO, Third Edition Gerald Millerson MAKE-UP, HAIR AND COSTUME FOR FILM AND TELEVISION Jan Musgrove NONLINEAR EDITING, Second Edition PatrickMorris RESEARCH FOR MEDIA PRODUCTION, Second Edition Kathy Chater SINGLE-CAMERA VIDEO PRODUCTION, Fourth Edition Robert B. Musburger STUDIO AND OUTSIDE BROADCAST CAMERAWORK Second Edition Peter Ward TV TECHNICAL OPERATIONS Peter Ward VIDEO CAMERA TECHNIQUES, Second Edition Gerald Millerson THE VIDEO STUDIO, Third Edition Alan Bermingham VISUAL EFFECTS FOR FILM AND TELEVISION Mitch Mitchell Single-Camera Video Production
Fourth Edition

Robert B. Musburger

AMSTERDAM • BOSTON • HEIDELBERG • LONDON • NEW YORK • OXFORD PARIS • SAN DIEGO • SAN FRANCISCO • SINGAPORE • SYDNEY • TOKYO Focal Press is an imprint of Elsevier

Acquisitions Editor: Elinor Actipis Associate Acquisitions Editor: Christine Tridente Project Manager: Anne B. McGee Assistant Editor: Cara Anderson Marketing Manager:Christine Degon Focal Press is an imprint of Elsevier 30 Corporate Drive, Suite 400, Burlington, MA 01803, USA Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, UK Copyright © 2005, Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,without the prior written permission of the publisher. Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science & Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: ( 44) 1865 843830, fax: ( 44) 1865 853333, e-mail: permissions@elsevier.com.uk.You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier homepage (http://elsevier.com), by selecting “Customer Support” and then “Obtaining Permissions.”Recognizing the importance of preserving what has been written, Elsevier prints its books on acid-free paper whenever possible. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Application submitted. British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN: 0-240-80706-5

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To my mother, Mary Tomazina Wemple Musburger Houska, for teaching me the value of integrating art and technology.

Contents
INTRODUCTION ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xi xiii

THE TECHNOLOGY
THE IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY LIMITATIONS OF EQUIPMENT THE AUDIO SIGNAL: FREQUENCY THE AUDIOSIGNAL: AMPLITUDE MEASURING AUDIO THE VIDEO SIGNAL THE SCANNING SYSTEM THE SYNCHRONIZATION PROCESS COLOR VIDEO MEASURING VIDEO DIGITAL SIGNAL STANDARDS 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22

THE EQUIPMENT
BACKGROUND THE IMAGE SOURCE: TUBES AND CHIPS LIGHT GATHERING FOCUS AND APERTURE DEPTH OF FIELD VIEWFINDER AND ACCESSORIES CAMERA CONTROLS I CAMERA CONTROLS II CAMERA SUPPORTS: TRIPODS OTHER CAMERASUPPORT SYSTEMS HAND-HOLDING THE CAMERA ANALOG VIDEO RECORDING DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDING VIDEOTAPE STOCK VIDEOCASSETTE RECORDER OPERATION CONNECTORS, PLUGS, AND JACKS I: POWER AND AUDIO CONNECTORS, PLUGS, AND JACKS II: VIDEO CONNECTORS, PLUGS, AND JACKS III: DIGITAL CONNECTOR PANEL: CONSUMER MODEL RECORDERS CONNECTOR PANEL: PROFESSIONAL MODEL RECORDERS CONNECTOR PANEL: SEPARATE AND ATTACHED UNITS...
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