By Tomas Saenz, Edinburg January 2012
Purpose of the Research
Investigation on migrations in Peru on two aspects: Migrations from inside the country to Lima, capital city, and migration from Peru to other countries.
In this brief research I will try to discover the characteristics and peculiarities these migrations with purpose of reflect and think how help thosepeople that suffers this problems; particularly to those who live in Lima city, because Lima is the city that concentrates more migrants, Lima is the main protagonist of the internal migrations in Peru and it is the place where I have got my Christian ministry.
MIGRATION AND URBAN POPULATION IN PERU
According to the latest census made in 2007 the total population of Peru amounts to 28 million220 thousand 764 inhabitants. This result is derived from population censused and population omitted in the census. According the results of the XI National Census of Population, in October 21th. 2007, the population censused was 27 million 412 thousand 157 people and population that was omitted was 808 thousand 607, adding these two quantities are 28 million 220 thousand 764 inhabitants.According to the latest census of INEI (National Institute of Statistics and Information of Peru) the urban population has grown rapidly over the rural population, in 1940 the urban population of Peru was 2 million 197 thousand 133 people (35.39%) while the rural was 4 million 010, thousand 834 people (64.61 %), but in year 2007 was reversed amounts and percentages, the urban population of Peruwas 20 million 810 thousand 288 people (75.92%), the rural was 6 million 601 thousand 869 people (24.08%). According to these latest records 3 out of 4 people live in cities.
Can be deduced that reason of the growth the urban areas are the migration from rural areas to cities, people leaving fields to settle in urban conglomerates. The cities experiencing accelerated growth from 1940. The latestcensus of 1970 records 79 cities, ie, human clusters with more 20 thousand people, Lima is the largest. Most these large cities are located in the coastal area of Peru. The cities in coast are 41, in highland are 21 and in jungle area are 17.
In the inter census period from 1940 to 2007 (67 years) the total population of Peru grew 4,4 times, from 6,2 million to 27,4 millions of people. In thesame period the urban population grew 9,5 times, from 2 million 197 thousand 133 people to 20 million 810 thousand 288 people. While the rural population grew 1,6 times, from 4 million 010 thousand 834 to 6 million 601 thousand 869 people
The grow of urban population is decreasing according latest records of census 2007. In the period 1961-1972 was 5,1% annual, the period 1972-1981 was 3,6%annual, The period 1981-1993 was 2,8% annual and period 1993-2007 was 2,1% annual
About distribution of population according natural regions of Peru in period from 1940 to 2007 showed that in 1940 the Coast has 28,3% of the total population of Peru, the sierra 65,0% and the Jungle 6,7%. In 2007 the Coast has 54,6% of the total population of Peru, the sierra 32,0% and the Jungle 13,4%. This showsthat demographic map of Peru changed due to migrations, shows that highland contributed with the largest numbers of migrants to cities of coast and Lima city has been the preferred by migrants.
The census 2007 shows that 19,19% (5 460 296 people) of the population is migrant. And the largest numbers of migrants were to settle in urban centres, Lima was always the most preferred by migrants.LIMA CITY AND MIGRATIONS
Lima is capital city of Peru. Lima was founded by Spanish Francisco Pizarro in 1535 on Rimac river valley. Lima is a coastal city on Ocean Pacific in South American. Currently is the city most populated of Peru, have 8 million 445 thousand 211 inhabitants, almost the third of the national population. Much of this growth is due to immigration.
A brief references on...