Pronunciation of final s

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16-1
(a)

PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -SI-ES
seats = seatlsl maps = maplsl lakes = lake/d seeds srm holes laws = seedd = starld = hole/z/ = lnwld Id is the sound of "s" in "bus." Final 4 is pronouncedla1 after voiceless sounds. Examples of voiceless* sounds: Id, Ipl, I d . Id is the sound of "z" in "buzz." Final -8 is pronounced I d after voiced sounds. Examples of voiced* sounds: Id, Irl, IU,/mi, hl, and all vowel sounds. lad adds a whole syllable to a word. F i -61-ea is pronounced lad after -& -ch, -, -z, - ?l& munds. s &e k

I Final -61-es has three different pronunciations: Isl, Id,and lad.

(b)

(c)

dishes 3 dishlad matches 3 matchlad classes = classlad sizes 3 sizelad pages = pagelad judges = judgelad

*See Chart 2-4, p. 28, for more infomtion about voiceless andvoiced sounds.

EXERCISE 2. Pronunclotion of final 41-ES. (Chart 6-1) Drcin:Write the correct pronunciations and practice saying the words. ietos
1. names = name1 r I 2. clocks = clock/ s I
3. eyes =eye/
4. heads = h e a d

8. hills = hilY
9. cars = cad

/

14. glasses = glass1

I
1 I

I
/

15. prices = price/
16. prizes = prize/
/

I
/

10. ways = way/

11. months =month1
12. eyelashes = eyelash/

17. faxes = fax/

I
1

5. boats = boat1
6. ribs = rib/

I I

I

18. bridges = bridge/
19. cages = cage1

13. itches = itch/

1

/

7. lips = lip/I

EXERCISE 3. Preview: plural nouns. (Chart 6-2)
Directions: These sentences have many mistakes in the use of nouns. Underline each noun. Write the correct plural form if necessary. Do not changeany of the other words in the sentences.
streets 1.Chicapohasbusy-and*. .Aq,
-

highways

5. Insect don't have nose.
6. Lamb are the offspring of sheep.
7. Library keep book on shelf.

2.Box have six side.
3. Big city have many problem.
4. Banana grow in hot, humid area.

8. Parent support their child.

Nouna ond Pronouns 157

9, Indonesia has several active volcano.
10....
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