The city was founded by a Spanish expedition commanded by Luis Cabrera in 1573, being one of the first cities founded inArgentina.
In 1613 the Jesuit Order, which had settled in the province in order to spread their religion, founded the Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, the oldest university in the country.
Cordoba is located in the region known as Pampa, an extensive plain in the centre of the country.
Administratively Cordoba belongs to the central region, with other two provinces, Santa Fe andRio Negro.
The most common ethnic groups are Italian and Spanish (mostly Galicians and Basques).
Waves of immigrants from European countries arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The main contributors were Spain, Italy, France, Eastern European nations such as Croatia, Poland, Hungary, Russia, Romania, Ukraine and the Balkans (especially Greece, Serbia andMontenegro), Switzerland, Germany, the United Kingdom and Ireland, Armenia and Scandinavia (especially Sweden). By the 1910s, 43 percent of the city population was non-native Argentine after immigration rates peaked.
Most immigrants, regardless of origin, settled in the city or around Greater Córdoba. However, in the first stages of immigration, some formed colonies (especially agriculturalcolonies) in different parts of the city, often encouraged by the Argentine government and/or sponsored by private individuals and organizations.
Regarding to the climate we can say that it is predominantly temperate with some variations according to the region. The four seasons are well-defined. Summer temperatures average a high of 30 to 32ºC and lows of 16º to 18º and wintersbetween 16º and 3º. The rainfalls are high and regular all the year, with monthly ranges from 90mm to 120mm.
Córdoba has a unicameral legislature elected by universal suffrage.
The unified legislature is made up of 70 members: 26 elected to represent each of the provincial departments, and 44 elected by the people of the province as a whole and assigned by aproportional system.
The head of government is the governor, accompanied by a vice-governor who presides the legislature and may fill the governor's place in certain cases. Like the legislators, the governor and vice-governor are elected for a four-year term, and can be re-elected for one consecutive term.
The city of Cordoba has a low turnout in the primary activity, mainly in thelivestock that is practically zero; and limited in the agricultural sector. However, has emphasizes in the meat processing, and the elaboration of cold cuts and sausages, as well as in the horticultural crops, fruit and potatoes. Allocating the 29% of the total surface of land. Called them as greenbelt. The industry sector, has a main roll in the economic activity, becoming Cordoba as a majornational automotive.
Since World War II, Córdoba has been developing a versatile industrial base. The biggest sectors are car manufacturing (Renault, Volkswagen, Fiat), railway construction (Materfer) and aircraft construction (Fábrica Militar de Aviones). Furthermore, there are textile, heavy and chemical industries and some agrobusinesses.
Córdoba has been considered the technological centre ofArgentina. The Argentinian spaceport (Centro Espacial Teófilo Tabanera), where satellites are being developed and operated for CONAE, is located in the suburb of Falda del Carmen. The software and electronic industries are advancing and becoming significant exporters; among the leading local employers in the sector are Motorola, Vates, Intel, Electronic Data Systems, and Santex América....