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  • Publicado : 22 de octubre de 2009
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Según la OCDE, estos son los avances por país que existen en materia de información, seguridad y privacidad (protección de datos personales).

Sus versiones completas se hayan consultables en el siguiente sitio web:,3380,en_2649_34255_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

País Avances
Australia APEC Information Security Educational Tool by AOEMA
This Security AwarenessTool aims to show SMEs how to protect themselves on the Internet. It is a joint project between APEC, the Australian Government and AOEMA.
Austria Privacy and Data Protection Resources: AUSTRIA
English | View long abstract
Overview of the protection of personal data in Austria.
Privacy and Data Protection Resources: AUSTRIA
English | View long abstract
Overviewof the protection of personal data in Austria.
Privacy and Data Protection Resources: AUSTRIA
The Austrian Federal Constitutional Law (en) does not recognize explicitly the right of privacy. Some sections of the Austrian Data Protection Act have constitutional status. The right to the data protection is a fundamental right in Austria, laid down explicitly in a constitutionalprovision (sect. 1 (1) of the Austrian Data Protection Act 2000).
Omnibus legislation:
Data Protection Act 2000 (Datenschutzgesetz 2000 - DSG 2000).
Sector-based legislation:
• Telecommunication Act 2003 (Telekommunikationsgesetz 2003), Austrian Federal Law Gazette I No. 70/2003, Section 107 deals with spamming.
• Civil Law Code (Allgemeines bürgerliches Gesetzbuch), Section 1328a containsspecial regulations on damages for infringing the right of privacy.
• Genetic Engineering Act 1994 (Gentechnikgesetz), Austrian Federal Law Gazette No. 510/1994).
• Industrial Code 1994 (Gewerbeordnung 1994), Austrian Federal Law Gazette No. 194/1994, Section 151 Industrial Code 1994 deals with direct marketing.
• Federal Electronic Signature Law (Signaturgesetz)
• E-Commerce Act 2001(E-Commerce-Gesetz), Austrian Federal Law Gazette I No. 152/2001)
State laws:
Data protection laws of the Austrian states (de) concern manual data processing for certain purposes.
Self-regulatory instruments:
Codes of conduct and other instruments of self-regulation are not common in Austria. Sect. 6 (4) of the Data Protection Act 2000 provides, however, for the possibility for the business community tohave Codes of Conduct officially checked by the Federal Chancellery concerning their compatibility with the DP-Act.
At present there is one substantial Code of Conduct in existence which was successfully submitted to this checking procedure, this is a Code of Conduct for direct marketing.
International and regional instruments:
OECD guidelines and directive 95/46 implemented. Convention 108of the CoE in force since 1988.
Independent authorities:
Data Protection Commission (Datenschutzkommission)
The Commission is responsible for enforcing the DP-Act. The Commission decides in case of complaints against public data controllers and in case of access complaints against any controller. Moreover it licenses transborder data flow and may give recommendations to controllers.
Apart fromformal legal decisions the commission acts as a data protection ombudsman (mainly in the private sector) through its Executive Member. Notification is administered by the data processing register, which is part of the DP-Commission.
Since 2004 the DP-Commission has an additional function as special Government Authority, in charge of the management and protection of the electronic identities ofthe citizens.
The Commission consists of six members, one of which is a judge who presides over the plenary meetings. The Commission appoints one member as the executive member. Independence of all members is guaranteed by special constitutional provision.
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