Psicologia espe idiomas

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STUDY GUIDE PSICHOLOGY
ACTIVITY LEARNING 2.1
* How would you interprete the word “motivation”? Give an example of motivating very young learners

Motivation is an internal state or condition that activates behavior and gives it direction; it is a desire or want that energizes and directs goal-oriented behavior. Motivation is involved in the performance of all learned responses; that is, astudent behavior will not occur unless it is energized. This word is related with interest, curiosity, desire, achieve.

Example of motivating very young learners:
I would suggest that materials could be presented at the initial phase; they could take the form of an open forum idea. This would allow the learners to determine what topics they will cover in a task phase, when introducing thetopic of work to a group of students it might be an idea to allow the students to design a questionnaire that they can use to interview each other to determine what the outcome of the task will be (a poster, a written report etc.). By doing this the students are taking a lead role in determining their activities.

* Is it possible that animals could be motivated by novelty and curiosity beforeexecuting any action?

Yes, it is possible; we can say that animals can be motivated, with an example:
We can imagine a hungry dog that hears the sound of bell, the response of this simulate is salivation, the food and the sound of the bell would be motivated to seek food .

Other example of motivation is the animal training it refers to teaching animals specific responses to specificconditions or stimuli.
ACTIVITY LEARNING 2.2
* Describe how Dornyei’s model is divided in five lines.
Dornyei’s model is divides in a three-level categorization. The language level, it means that the teacher has to motivate with aspects of the second language, like the culture and the community and the usefulness of the language. The level learner refers to competences that the learner canachieve. Finally, the learning situation level includes components related to the course, the teacher and the group dynamic.

* Explain the three stages of motivation, and set an example in a class learning something “boring” like “verbs”.
1. - Reasons for doing something: is necessary to establish the reasons to undertaking a particular activity. Here will probably involve a mixture ofinternal and external influences which will be personal to different individuals.
Example
Reasons to learn verbs
The students need to learn verb, because is one of the most important parts of the English. The knowledge of the verb will provide the student to communicate in the best way, and to express him/her ideas and thoughts correctly. The learning of verbs can be easily if we use song to learnand recognize verbs
2. - Deciding to do something: here, we consider what is actually involved in deciding to do something; what makes people choose to embark on a particular task and to invest time and energy in it.
Example:
As we mentioned above, the learning of verbs can be easy and funny, if we learn it with music. If we teach little students, we can use: "Skip to My Lou" "Circle Left""The Ants Go Marching" "Clap Your Hands" "This is the way we write our name so early in the Morning" You can use multiple verbs with one song by just changing the verb each time you sing the song.but if we have teenager students we may use modern song like: “Everything I do it for you”.
3. - Sustaining the effort or persisting: students need to sustain the effort required to complete theactivity to their own satisfaction.
Example:
To sustain the afford, the teacher have to repeat the activity and achieve that students listen all the verbs in English in the song. In the case of the little students, the teacher has to act out the verb as realistically as possible as the teacher sing it in the song. Allow children to learn the song by listening, observing, and imitating your...
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