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  • Publicado : 12 de mayo de 2011
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Studies have shown that early trauma can affect cognitive development in adults. Traumatic experiences like child abuse and neglect are linked to the development of disorders inadulthood.
Adults might show characteristics of cognitive impairment, depression, and other delays.
It is warrant more human research to determine how childhood trauma affects adulthoodcognition.

In this pilot study, they use a small sample 227 individuals and only 47 healthy adults were selected to conduct study. They use The Short –Form of the ChildhoodTrauma Questionnaire (CTQ) to assessed childhood trauma before reaching puberty. Also was administrated to assess depression and anxiety the Zung Self rating Depression Scale and theSpielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. To assess the academic achievement was use the reading subtest of the Wide Range Achievement-test (WRAT-3) and to evaluate cognitive function they use theCambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB).

Points of interest
Present results indicates that memory deficits in healthy adults are associated to early exposure totraumas. Individuals with high exposure to physical neglect o emotional abuse have more difficulty with task to assess their spatial working memory. The lack of long- term memory found in thisstudy is one characteristic of individual diagnosed with depression. It is important to mention that people in this study didn’t have a current psychiatric illness, history of alcohol or drugabuse as result of their childhood trauma. Other results indicated that individuals that suffered sexual abuse or physical neglect tend to have less academic achievement due to traumatic memories.It is necessary to do study in larger samples to have more accurate results. It is also recommended early intervention to help victims to prevent long term deficits in memory function.
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