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The Zulú: The Zulu were originally a major clan in what is today Northern KwaZulu-Natal, founded ca. 1709 by Zulu kaNtombhela (was the founder and chief of the Zulu clan came from the Ngunis). Inthe Nguni languages, iZulu/iliZulu/liTulu means heaven, or sky

At that time, the area was occupied by many large Nguni communities and clans. Nguni communities had migrated down Africa's east coastover thousands of years, as part of the Bantu migrations (was a millennia-long series of migrations of speakers of the original proto-Bantu language group.)[probably arriving in what is now SouthAfrica in about the 9th century A.D.[

The Zulu formed a powerful state in 1816 under the leader Shaka. Shaka, as the Zulu King, gained a large amount of power over the tribe. As commander inthe army of the powerful Mthethwa Empire, he became leader of his mentor Dingiswayo's paramountcy and united what was once a confederation of tribes into an imposing empire under Zulu hegemony.British Conflict

On December 11, 1878, agents of the British delivered an ultimatum to 11 chiefs representing Cetshwayo. The terms forced upon Cetshwayo required him to disband his army and acceptBritish authority. Cetshwayo refused, and war followed at the start of 1879. During the war, the Zulus defeated the British at the Battle of Isandlwana on January 22. The British managed to get the upperhand after the battle at Rorke's Drift, and win the war with the Zulu defeat at the Battle of Ulundi on July 4.

KwaZulu homeland:
Under apartheid, the homeland of KwaZulu (Kwa meaning place of)was created for Zulu people. In 1970, the Bantu Homeland Citizenship Act provided that all Zulus would become citizens of KwaZulu, losing their South African citizenship. KwaZulu consisted of a largenumber of disconnected pieces of land, in what is now KwaZulu-Natal. Hundreds of thousands of Zulu people living on privately owned "black spots" outside of KwaZulu were dispossessed and forcibly...
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