Reducing urban heat islands: compendium of strategies green roofs

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 43 (10662 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 14 de enero de 2011
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies
Green Roofs

Acknowledgements
Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies describes the causes and impacts of summertime urban heat islands and promotes strategies for lowering temperatures in U.S. communities. This compendium was developed by the Climate Protection Partnership Division in the U.S. Environmental ProtectionAgency’s Office of Atmospheric Programs. Eva Wong managed its overall development. Kathleen Hogan, Julie Rosenberg, and Andrea Denny provided editorial support. Numerous EPA staff in offices throughout the Agency contributed content and provided reviews. Subject area experts from other organizations around the United States and Canada also committed their time to provide technical feedback. Undercontracts 68-W-02-029 and EP-C-06-003, Perrin Quarles Associates, Inc. provided technical and administrative support for the entire compendium, and Eastern Research Group, Inc. provided graphics and production services. PositvEnergy provided support in preparing the Trees and Vegetation, Cool Roofs, and UHI Activities chapters under contract PO #2W-0361-SATX. Experts who helped shape this chapterinclude: Ryan Bell, Robert Berghage, Hitesh Doshi, Robert Goo, David Hitchcock, Megan Lewis, Tom Liptan, Karen Liu, Greg McPherson, Dave Nowak, Steven Peck, Katrin Scholz-Barth, Jeff Sonne, Benjamin Taube, Linda Velazquez, Kathy Wolf, Jim Yarbrough, and Barry Zalph.

Contents
Green Roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

1. How It Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
2. Green Roof Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
2.1 Extensive Green Roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
2.2 Intensive Green Roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
3. Benefits and Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
3.1 Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
3.2 Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
3.3 Benefit-Cost Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
4. Other Factors toConsider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
4.1 Site Characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
4.2 Installation and Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
(Low-Profile/Ecoroofs) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

(High-Profile/Roof Gardens) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
4.3 Fire Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
5. Green Roof Initiatives . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
6. Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Endnotes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
tracking img