The regular past tense and the regular past participle suffixes (the past participle is used for the perfect tenses andthe passive voice) share a common set of pronunciation rules:
▪ When the verb ends in /d/ or /t/, the ending is pronounced as /Id/ or /(schwa) d/. This is a schwa symbol: [ə ]; it lookslike an upside-down and backwards letter 'e'. However, these symbols don't always read correctly on a computer, so I will use the word instead of the symbol; but you should learn to recognize thissymbol, as it is used in dictionaries and textbooks.
▪ When the verb ends in a voiced sound other than /d/, the ending is pronounced as /d/.
▪ When the verb ends in a voiceless consonantother than /t/, the ending is pronounced as /t/.
/d/ /t/ /Id/, /(schwa)d/, or /əd/
cried walked chatted
(v.) to cry (v.) to walk (v.) to chat
grabbed passed waded(v.) to grab (v.) to pass (v.) to wade
moved kissed added
(v.) to move (v.) to kiss (v.) to add
viewed laughed needed
(v.) to view (v.) to laugh (v.) to need
(v.) to rob (v.) to stop (v.) to wait
Regular Verbs List
There are thousands of regular verbs in English. This is a list of 600 of the more common regular verbs. Note that there aresome spelling variations in American English (for example, "practise" becomes "practice" in American English).
|accept |allow |applaud|attach |
|add |amuse |appreciate |attack |
|admire|analyse |approve |attempt |
|admit |announce |argue...