The United States of America
Colegio Episcopal de Panamá
Topic A: Renewable Energy and Green Technology
“We can’t have an energystrategy for the last century that traps us in the past. We need an energy strategy for the future – an all-of-the-above strategy for the 21st century that develops every source of American-made energy.”
-President Barack Obama, March 15, 2012
The growing complexities the modern world faces regarding energy grow on a constant basis, raising concerns on our economic, social, political,environmental future, and, most importantly, our future as a society. The desperate need for fossil fuels as the driving force for the current world economy and industry has brought devastating consequences:rising temperatures, depletion of resources, and financial disparity, thus bringing all nations on the brink of an energetic crisis.
The United States of America is the second largest consumer of energyin the world, with 84% of this energy coming from fossil fuels. Furthermore, the nation is accounted for 26% of world energy consumption, also being the source of 25% of the world’s petroleum usageas well. Despite being one of the largest consumers in the world, though, it is in search of alternative energy sources to replace petroleum as its main energy source and weaken its dependency onforeign oil markets. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 included more than USD $70 billion dollars for clean energy and associated transportation programs, becoming the greatest commitmentof the U.S. government to the purpose of renewable energy, clean energy, and more advanced transportation. In 2011, efforts further increased when the U.S. Department of Energy launched the SunShotInitiative, which sought to reduce the costs of photovoltaic solar energy systems by 75%, allowing solar power to compete with the electricity market by 2020.
The U.S. government, currently under...