Replubica de peru

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Constitution of the Republic of Peru

Section I. Concerning the Individual and Society Articles

Chapter I. Fundamental Rights or the Indivdual Articles

Chapter II. Concerning Social and Economic Rights Articles

Chapter Ill. Concerning Political Rights and Duties Articles

Chapter IV. Concerning the Civil Service Articles

Section II. Concerning the Government and the NationArticles

Chapter I. Concerning the Government, the Nation, and the Territory

Chapter II. Concerning Treaties Articles

Section III. Concerning the Economic System Articles

Chapter I. General Principles Articles

Chapter II. Concerning the Environment and Natural Resources Articles

Chapter Ill. Concerning Property Articles

Chapter IV. Con rning the Tax and Budget System ArticlesChapter V. Concerning Currency and Banking Articles

Chapter VI. Concerning the Agrarian System and the Peasant and Native Communities


Section IV. Concerning the Structure of-Government Articles

Chapter I. Legislative Branch Articles

Chapter II. Concerning the Legislative Function Articles

Chapter Ill. Concerning the Drafting and Promulgation of Laws Articles

Chapter IV.Executive Branch Articles

Chapter V. Concerning the Cabinet Articles

Chapter VI. Concerning Relations With the Legislative Branch Articles

Chapter VII. Special Regime Article

Chapter VIII. Judicial Branch Articles

Chapter IX. Concerning the National Council of the Magistracy Articles

Chapter X. Concerning the Ministry of Justice Articles

Chapter XI. Concerning the Office ofPublic Defender Articles

Chapter XII. Concerning Security and National Defense Articles

Chapter XIII. Concerning the Electoral System Articles

Chapter XIV. Concerning Decentralization. the Regions and Municipalities Articles Section V. Concerning Constitutional Guarantees Articles

Section VI. Concerning Constitutional Reform Article

Final and Transitory Provisions



The Democratic Constituent Congress, calling upon Almighty God, obeying the will of

the Peruvian people, and commemorating the sacrifice of all of our nation's preceding

generations, has resolved to enact the following Constitution:


Section I

Concerning the Individual and Society

Chapter I

Fundamental Rights of the IndividualArticle I

The protection of the individual and respect for his dignity are the supreme goal of

society and the government.

Article 2

Every individual has the right:

1. to life, his identity, his physical, psychological, and moral integrity, and his free

fulfillment and well-being. Such rights exist from the time of conception in all ways that

are beneficial.

2. to equalitybefore the law. No one may be discriminated against because of his origin,

race, sex, language, religion, opinion, economic status, or any other reason.

3. to freedom of conscience and religion, individually or as a member of a group. No one

may be persecuted for his ideas or beliefs. There is no such thing as a crime of opinion--

No restriction may be placed on the public expressionof one's beliefs provided such

expression does not constitute an offense against morals or a disturbance of the peace.

4. to freedom of information, opinion, expression, and the dissemination of thought

through the spoken or written word or in images, by any means of social communication,

and without previous authorization, censorship, or impediment whatsoever, in accordance with thelaw.

Crimes committed by means of books, the press, or other media of social communication

are outlined in the Penal Code and will be tried in a court of law.

Any action that suspends or closes any organ of expression or prevents its free circulation

also constitutes a crime. The right to inform and express opinions includes the right to

found means of communication.

5. to...
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