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June 5, 2009 Science
Carlos M. AD
Forensic Report
Camp Sumter in Andersonville is one of the most famous prisons in American history. It started to work in 1864, and it was commanded by Captain Henry Wirz. The camp was designed to hold a maximum of 10,000 men. Prisoners were first sent to Andersonville in March of 1864. By the end of the war in April 1865, atotal of 45,000 men were in the prison and nearly 13,000 did not leave the prison camp alive.
For the Union privates, corporals, and sergeants confined in Camp Sumter daily life was a nightmare because the conditions of the camps were terrible. There was a small stream that ran through the camp and served for most of the prisoners as the source of drinking water. Since there were no latrines orbathing facilities, they dumped the garbage and human excrements to the stream. Prisoners in the camp were suffering from a variety of diseases including incurable diarrhea, dysentery, and scurvy. Amputations and other operations were performed in the prison hospital without anesthetics or proper sanitation. Many died horribly from the effects of gangrene. The prisoners were constantly trying toescape by digging tunnels. Those prisoners who try to escape were torn by dogs and brought back to the stockade. They also were subjected to a variety of tortures. Because of the shocking conditions of the camp Captain Henry Wirz, was placed on trial after the war for war crimes. Captain Wirz was charged for murder and conspiracy with General Winder and other Confederate officers. On August 23, 1865Captain Henry Wirz was placed on trial before a military tribunal consisting of senior officers in the Union army.
Forensic Testing:
We did a blood testing of the alleged murder weapon. A blood sample was found on the gun and a prisoner claims Wirz hit him over the head with the gun. The test was done to determine the blood type of Wirz, the prisoner and the blood sample.
This testhad 2 parts. In part one; we tested the 4 blood types (A, B, AB, and O) to see what they look like so we can type unknown blood samples. Each blood type contains antigens. Type A blood contains A antigens, type B blood contains B antigens, type AB blood contains A and B antigens, and type O blood has no antigens. For each blood test we had to observe the mixture to see if a precipitate forms. If aprecipitate it means that the reaction was positive. If there was no precipitate it means that the reaction was negative. Part 2 was testing for the evidence. In this part we used what we learned in part 1 to determine the blood types of Captain Wirz, the prisoner and the blood sample on the gun.
The results of this test were that Captain Wirz has blood type AB, because both reaction werepositive, which means that both showed precipitate forms. The blood type of the prisoner was O. The reactions were negative because they didn’t show any precipitate forms. The blood sample on the gun was O, because both reactions didn’t show any precipitate forms. From the blood test results, we conclude that the blood type that was found on the gun, matches with the blood type from the prisoner,which was O type blood.
The forensic evidence that supported the arguments for the defense were the doctor reports, and the vaccine testing. They used the doctor reports to support their arguments because according to the doctors, Wirz was injured and sick and it would be difficult for him to commit a crime. The vaccine test showed that they didn’t contain lead, which supported thearguments for the defense.
The forensic evidence that supported the arguments for the prosecution were the main causes of death, the blood testing, the gun powder residue, and the handwriting analysis. Diarrhea and scurvy are the main causes of death in Andersonville. They use this evidence to support their arguments because the dirty foods that carries bacteria and poison make the prisoners get the...