Carlos M. AD
Camp Sumter in Andersonville is one of the most famous prisons in American history. It started to work in 1864,and it was commanded by Captain Henry Wirz. The camp was designed to hold a maximum of 10,000 men. Prisoners were first sent to Andersonville in March of 1864. By the end of the war in April 1865, atotal of 45,000 men were in the prison and nearly 13,000 did not leave the prison camp alive.
For the Union privates, corporals, and sergeants confined in Camp Sumter daily life was a nightmare becausethe conditions of the camps were terrible. There was a small stream that ran through the camp and served for most of the prisoners as the source of drinking water. Since there were no latrines orbathing facilities, they dumped the garbage and human excrements to the stream. Prisoners in the camp were suffering from a variety of diseases including incurable diarrhea, dysentery, and scurvy.Amputations and other operations were performed in the prison hospital without anesthetics or proper sanitation. Many died horribly from the effects of gangrene. The prisoners were constantly trying toescape by digging tunnels. Those prisoners who try to escape were torn by dogs and brought back to the stockade. They also were subjected to a variety of tortures. Because of the shocking conditions of thecamp Captain Henry Wirz, was placed on trial after the war for war crimes. Captain Wirz was charged for murder and conspiracy with General Winder and other Confederate officers. On August 23, 1865Captain Henry Wirz was placed on trial before a military tribunal consisting of senior officers in the Union army.
We did a blood testing of the alleged murder weapon. A bloodsample was found on the gun and a prisoner claims Wirz hit him over the head with the gun. The test was done to determine the blood type of Wirz, the prisoner and the blood sample.