Reported speech

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REPORTED SPEECH
El lenguaje o estilo indirecto (reported speech en inglés) es una estructura que se emplea cuando queremos decir o hacer mención sobre algo que alguien ha dicho previamente.
Directspeech
(estilo directo) | Reported speech
(estilo indirecto) |
"I always drink coffee". She said. | She said that she always drank coffee. |
| |
Para hacer mención sobre lo que alguien hadicho usamos verbos como explain, promise, say, tell, suggest... Aunque los más utilizados son say y tell.
Para introducir lo que ha dicho, usamos that aunque muchas veces se puede omitir estapalabra.
Al convertir una oración de "Direct Speech" a "Reported Speech" tenemos en cuenta que el verbo principal retrocede un tiempo verbal.
Tabla de cambios que sufre el verbo:
Direct speech | |Reported speech |
present simple
I am happy
I sleep | | past simple
He said he was happy
He said he slept |
present continuos
I am feeling happy
I am sleeping | | past continuos
He said hewas feeling happy
He said he was sleeping |
past simple
I was happy
I slept | | past perfect
He said he had been happy
He said he had slept |
present perfect
I have been happy
I haveslept | | past perfect
He said he had been happy
He said he had slept |
present perfect continuos
I have been feeling happy
I have been sleeping | | past perfect continuos
He said he hadbeen feeling happy
He said he had been sleeping |
future
I will be happy
I will sleep | | simple conditional
He said he would be happy
He said he would sleep |
future perfect
I will havebeen happy
I will have sleep | | simple conditional perfect
He said he would have been happy
He said he would have slept |
 
Verbos modales
Direct speech | | Reported speech |
CAN
I cansleep | | COULD
He said he could sleep |
MAY
I may sleep | | MIGHT
He said he might sleep |
WILL
I will sleep | | WOULD
He said he would sleep |
MUST
I must sleep | | HAD TO
He said...
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