Resucitacion neonatal aha 2010

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Part 15: Neonatal Resuscitation: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care John Kattwinkel, Jeffrey M. Perlman, Khalid Aziz, Christopher Colby, Karen Fairchild, John Gallagher, Mary Fran Hazinski, Louis P. Halamek, Praveen Kumar, George Little, Jane E. McGowan, Barbara Nightengale, Mildred M. Ramirez, Steven Ringer, Wendy M.Simon, Gary M. Weiner, Myra Wyckoff and Jeanette Zaichkin Circulation 2010;122;S909-S919 DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.971119
Circulation is published by the American Heart Association. 7272 Greenville Avenue, Dallas, TX 72514 Copyright © 2010 American Heart Association. All rights reserved. Print ISSN: 0009-7322. Online ISSN: 1524-4539

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Part 15: Neonatal Resuscitation
2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care
John Kattwinkel,Co-Chair*; Jeffrey M. Perlman, Co-Chair*; Khalid Aziz; Christopher Colby; Karen Fairchild; John Gallagher; Mary Fran Hazinski; Louis P. Halamek; Praveen Kumar; George Little; Jane E. McGowan; Barbara Nightengale; Mildred M. Ramirez; Steven Ringer; Wendy M. Simon; Gary M. Weiner; Myra Wyckoff; Jeanette Zaichkin
he following guidelines are an interpretation of the evidence presented in the 2010International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations1). They apply primarily to newly born infants undergoing transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life, but the recommendations are also applicable to neonates who have completed perinatal transition and require resuscitation during the first few weeks to months followingbirth. Practitioners who resuscitate infants at birth or at any time during the initial hospital admission should consider following these guidelines. For the purposes of these guidelines, the terms newborn and neonate are intended to apply to any infant during the initial hospitalization. The term newly born is intended to apply specifically to an infant at the time of birth. Approximately 10% ofnewborns require some assistance to begin breathing at birth. Less than 1% require extensive resuscitative measures.2,3 Although the vast majority of newly born infants do not require intervention to make the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life, because of the large total number of births, a sizable number will require some degree of resuscitation. Those newly born infants who do notrequire resuscitation can generally be identified by a rapid assessment of the following 3 characteristics:
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If the answer to any of these assessment questions is “no,” the infant should receive one or more of the following 4 categories of action in sequence: A. Initial steps in stabilization (provide warmth, clear airway if necessary, dry, stimulate) B. Ventilation C. Chestcompressions D. Administration of epinephrine and/or volume expansion Approximately 60 seconds (“the Golden Minute”) are allotted for completing the initial steps, reevaluating, and beginning ventilation if required (see Figure). The decision to progress beyond the initial steps is determined by simultaneous assessment of 2 vital characteristics: respirations (apnea, gasping, or labored or unlabored...
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