Ripping vinyl to flac

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The following guide will show you how to rip a vinyl record to FLAC. You will need the following things: 1. Vinyl record. Preferably mint or never before played. 2. Turntable. Make sure it has a good stereo balance, you may have to repair the connector cables if it doesn't. Also, buy the most expensive needle you can find. 3. Phono Preamp. A phono preamp is basically the part of a receiver thatmakes your record loud enough for your speakers, inside a tiny case. Make sure the one you buy includes an RCA > 1/8th converter, or you will have to get one at Radioshack, or wherever electronic components are sold. The adapter will let you connect your preamp to your computers line-in jack. I bought mine from http://phonopreamps.com 4. Audacity. Audacity is a very easy to use, open source audioeditor. You can download it here for Windows, Mac, and Linux. Audacity will be recording your vinyl to WAV. 5. FLAC. FLAC stands for Free Lossless Audio Codec. It is the best audio compression algorithm available for a few reasons. One: Open Source, no licensing things, so "the man" won't get your money. Two: No quality loss. Three: Wide support among operating systems. You can download FLAC here.Now that we have all this stuff together, we need to hook everything up. 1. Plug in your turntable, put record on turntable. Hook it up to the IN jacks of your phono preamp. 2. Plug in your phono preamp, Hook it up to the line-in jack of your computer. 3. Open Audacity. Set the drop down box under the Fast-Foward button to "Line In".

Hi Res Vinyl Ripping for DVD (an optional step)
If you wishto make a hi-res vinyl rip (for those with 1337 stereo systems) do the following. 1. In the menu bar thingy go to File > Preferences 2. then click the Quality tab. 3. In the Default Sample Rate drop down box, choose 96000 Hz 4. In the Default Sample Format drop down box, choose 24-bit 5. Now click the Export tab 6. In the Uncompressed Export Format drop down box, choose Other... 7. In the FileFormat dialog box, for Header choose WAV (Microsoft), and for Encoding choose Signed 24 bit PCM 5. Save the preferences and restart audacity 6. adjust levels accordingly, and remember your files will be f#$king huge. 8. after ripping the vinyl, you may want to put the values back to default to save space. the default values for recording are 41000 Hz sample rate; 16-bit sample format. the defaultvalue for the export format drop down box is WAV (Microsoft 16 bit PCM)

End optional step

Now for the soundcheck. 1. Drop the needle onto a loud spot on the record, and press record in Audacity. Adjust the input levels in audacity, and in your computers volume control application until the waveform has dynamic range (If the waveform is just blue, your music will sound flat and distorted). Thewaveform should not go past the window it is inside. If so, you have to lower levels and should soundcheck again. The waveform should be close to the edges of the window, but it is better safe than sorry. You can always Amplify a midlevel waveform, but clipping is an uneditable sin. Play back the track to test quality. If there is a lot of crackling, this can remedied by cleaning the vinyl. If thevinyl is old it probably has dust, so you should clean it as well. To clean the vinyl, wet a Kleenex with rubbing alcohol and wipe the record in a circular motion. Then dry it off. This will remove dust. OiNK user weirdcrap suggests using a vacuum to remove some dust. 2. Now x out of the "test track". Place the needle on the outer edge of the record, and press record in Audacity. 3. Once the sideis done playing, press stop, and remove excess gaps at the beginning and end. You have a few options at this point. a) If the album side is one track, just export it as a wav, by clicking File > Export As Wav... b) If the album side has individual tracks, select the track, and click File > Export Selection As Wav... You will need to repeat this step for each track c) If the album is a one track...
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