Rocky mountain spotted fever

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  • Publicado : 2 de marzo de 2011
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Rocky Mountain Spotted  Fever
1.       Definition – prevalence:
It’s an acute infectious disease caused by Rickettsi. It is an endemic throughout North America. Especially in theRocky Mountain States, including Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada.

2.       Transmission
This infectious disease is spread by the bite of the American dogtick or the lone-star tick, infected with Rickettsia Rikettsi.  Another way of transmission could be by contamination of the skin with tick blood or feces. Person-to- persontransmission does not occur.
 
3.       Signs and symptoms
         High fever 38.9 °C
         Severe headache
         Abdominal and muscle pain
         Nausea and Vomiting         Fatigue
         Photophobia
         Loss of apetite(spelling)
         Rash on wrists or ankles
         Diarrhea
         Delirium
         Restlessnes4.       Treatment (use a few examples of conditional sentences)
If an adult uses 100 mg of Doxycycline every 12 hours at least five days, it will help clear up the infection.
If children are under45 kg, 4mg/kg of Doxycycline is administered in two different doses, it will help clear up all the symptoms.
If chloramphenicol is used, a wide range of side effects would appear. 
5.       Preventative measures (use a few examples of conditional sentences)
The chances of contracting Rocky Mountain can be reduced by taking some simple precautions:
Ifyou wear long pants and sleeves in wooded areas, you will reduce the risk of contacting the tick.
If you use repellents with DEET, you will reduce the risk of infection.You should check yourself and your pets for ticks, if you are in wooded grassy areas
If you were infected with Rocky Mountain spotted fever before, it would probably occur...
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