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A drama film is a film genre that depends mostly on in-depth development of realistic characters dealing with emotional themes. Dramatic themes such as alcoholism, drug addiction, infidelity, moral dilemmas, racial prejudice, religious intolerance, sexuality, poverty, class divisions, violence against women and corruption put the characters in conflict with themselves, others, society and evennatural phenomena.[1] Drama is the most broad of movies genres and includes subgenres as romantic drama, sport films, period drama, courtroom drama and crime.[1]
At the center of a drama is usually a character or characters who are in conflict at a crucial moment in their lives. They often revolve around families; movies like Ordinary People dig under the skin of everyday life to ask big questionsand touch on the deepest emotions of normal people. Dramas often, but not always, have tragic or at least painful resolutions and concern the survival of some tragic crisis, like the death of a family member (Terms of Endearment), or a divorce (Kramer vs Kramer). Some of the greatest screen performances come from dramas, as there is ample opportunity for actors to stretch into a role that mostother genres cannot afford.[2]
Drama films have been nominated frequently for the Academy Award (particularly Best Picture) - more than any other film genre.
Contents[hide] * 1 Sub-genres * 2 Early film-1950s * 3 1960s-1970s * 4 1980s-1990s * 5 2000s * 6 See also * 7 References |
[edit] Sub-genres
Dramatic films include a very large spectrum of film genres. Because of the largenumber of drama films, these movies have been sub-categorized:
* Crime drama and Legal drama – Character development based on themes involving criminals, law enforcement and the legal system.
* Historical drama (epic) (including War drama) – Films that focus on dramatic events in history.
* Docudrama: the difference between a docudrama and a documentary is that in a documentary it usesreal people to describe history or current events; in a docudrama it uses professionally trained actors to play the roles in the current event, that is "dramatized" a bit. Not to be confused with docufiction.
* Comedy-drama: is in which there is an equal, or nearly equal balance of humor and serious content.
* Melodrama: a sub-type of drama films that uses plots that appeal to theheightened emotions of the audience. Melodramatic plots often deal with "crises of human emotion, failed romance or friendship, strained familial situations, tragedy, illness, neuroses, or emotional and physical hardship." Film critics sometimes use the term "pejoratively to connote an unrealistic, pathos-filled, campy tale of romance or domestic situations with stereotypical characters (often including acentral female character) that would directly appeal to feminine audiences."[3] Also called "women's movies", "weepies", tearjerkers, or "chick flicks". If they are targeted to a male audience, then they are called "guy cry" films.
* Romance: a sub-type of dramatic film which dwells on the elements of romantic love.
* Tragedy: a drama in which a character's downfall is caused by a flaw intheir character or by a major error in judgment.
[edit] Early film-1950s
In the early years of cinema, melodrama held sway, as the transition from silent cinema's pantomime left film with a more presentational manner. In the 1950s, however, the arrival of stage actors like Marlon Brando, trained in more naturalistic techniques, slowly changed drama to a more realistic tenor. A Streetcar NamedDesire is considered a pivotal film in this development.[citation needed] By the late 1970s, melodrama was nearly finished as an overt genre, as the hunger for realism dominated film in groundbreaking movies like Martin Scorsese's Mean Streets.
From the silent era to the 1950s, Dramas were tools to teach the audience. Films like The Grapes of Wrath (1940) show the effects of the depression....
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