The Russian Revolution of 1917 is a very complicated subject, this was one of the new world revolutions as it took place during the 20th century, Russia was going through some very hard times during the first decades of the 20th century, there were many problems related to many aspects of this country, such as the economy, the politics, the social status and also internationalrelations. The Russian Revolution led to the first communist party in the world although Karl Marx and Fredrich Engel invented the term “Communism” in 1848 with the publishing of “The Communist Manifesto”.
The Russian Revolution took place during February 1917, the belligerents of this movement were The Russian Empire, which was a state that existed from 1721 to 1917 were it was finished by therevolution; Nicholas II was the last ruler of this empire, the government consisted on a absolute monarchy and also a tsarist autocracy, this types of government consisted on a Monarch who was “The Ultimate Governing Authority” (Historywiz.com, absolutism) possessing all of the political and military powers (this type of government was very outdated, and so it was very unsuccessful with newereconomy's). The second Belligerent of this war was “The Bolshevik Party” founded in January 1912 by Vladimir Lenin who would also lead this communist organization during the Russian Revolution.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 led to very important changes in this countries political, economical and social aspects; before the revolution the Tsar government (Russian Empire) had been leading Russia to adisaster, because the administrative ways used to this point deteriorated the economy and got Russia’s majority of population (the farmers which were 85% of the total population 181,537,800) into a state of poverty of not having the means to survive, people looked for change and they found it with communism, in our opinion the worst governmental system existing, although, it worked for Russia because itimproved their condition.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 is considered as one of the most important movements of the 20th century, and so the objective of this Paper is to inform you of the causes that led to this important movement.
Now on to the subject, in order to explain the causes and events that led to the Russian Revolution of 1917 we are going to expose them by differentareas or categories, this will be: economical, social, and political.
During the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th Russia had very big ambitions with the east, the Russian Empire was trying to extend through the east and during the process absorb as many states as possible, Japan feared that Russia might reach them with time, and when they did negotiations started butended with no success and so, Japan declared the war on Russia. Japan at the time was very outdated, technologically speaking, so the Russian Empire believed they didn’t represent a threat to their vast army, But surprisingly Japan won the war, which ended the 5th of February of 1905. The war took the lives of about 59,000 Russian's and also 146,000 were wounded, also the economical impact of theRusso-Japanese war affected Russia’s economical power very deeply, because Russia lost a large part of its war supplies and in order for these to be reacquired a large sum of money was invested which dropped Russia’s economical and military powers to a critical level.
Russia had a very tough time at the beginning of the 20th century, and even harder times would come; the World War I startedunexpectedly on 1914, Russia was part of the allied troops and it still hadn’t recovered from the Russo-Japanese war. Russia struggled through the war having to bear some of the toughest conditions due to the terrible military training and badly equipped soldiers. Nicholas II decided to take the front during the autumn of 1915, he didn’t have any military experience at all, he didn’t change the...