Salud de ciencias

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Study Guide for Health Science

1. Define the following terms:
a) Midsagital plane: left and right equal parts.
b) Parasagittal plane: left and right unequal sections.
c) Coronal or frontalplane: interior and posterior (front and back)
d) Transverse or Horizontal plane: superior and inferior (up and down)
e) The Anatomical Position: standing straight, facing forward, feet slightly apart,palms facing forward and arms slightly separated from the body.
2. Draw and label the skin include sebaceous glands (oil), sudoriferous glands (sweat) the two skin layers (epidermis + dermis), hairfollicle, hair, arrector pilli muscle, sensory receptor.
A= on the back of the study guide.
3. State the functions of the skin.
A= Protects tissue, helps regulate the body temperature, synthesizesvitamin D, helps to be aware of our surroundings.
4. Define the types of tissue found in the dermis and epidermis of the skin.
A= Dermis: connective tissue
Epidermis: squamus epithelium
5.State the function of the different cell types found in the epidermis (keratinocytes, melanocytes)
A= keratinocytes: produces keratin a protein that provides strength to the cell.
Melanocytes:gives color to the skin.
6. Draw and label the parts of a long bone (epiphysis, diaphysis, periosteum, compact bone, spongy bone, articular cartilage, epiphyseal plate, medullary cavity).
7. Namethe bones found in both the axial and apendicular skeleton.
A= Axial: skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, rib cage, ossicles, and sternum.
Apendicular: pectoral, humerus, radius, ulna, carpals,metacarpals, phalanges, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges.

8. Give examples of long, short, irregular, round and flat bones.
A= long: femur, short: phalanges, irregular:vertebral column, round: patella, flat bones: skull.
9. State the functions of bone.
A= to hold all of the muscles and organs together.

10. State the functions of the cells found in bone...