INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO Y DE ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES DE MONTERREY CAMPUS ESTADO DE MÉXICO
Oscar Mijav Martínez Martín 967155
Alma Rosa Aldana Vera 968271
Juana Isabel Méndez Garduño 1165549
History of Architecture and the City III
Prof. PHD Cecilia López de la R.
August 23rd, 2010.
Santa María Della Pace
* Biography of Pietro da Cortona.* General analysis of the period and style.
* Timeline for the building and the architect.
* Description of the style of the architect and his most important works.
* Description of form, space and structure.
* Main influences for the construction.
* Way in which the architect´s ideas were used in the building.
* Building´s main contribution to the development ofarchitecture
The church of Santa María della Pace was restored in 1657, during the Baroque period (specifically the High Baroque), under the design of Pietro de Cortona. As noted by its era, the façade of this church is highlighted by the use of baroque motives and tries to show the ´lasticity characteristic of this period.
Santa María della Pace isaccompanied by a cloister made by Bramante and is surrounded by Piazza Navona, in the city of Rome.
Biography of Pietro da Cortona
Pietro da Cortona (born Pietro Berrentini) was an Italian artist and architect, who was born in Cortona in 1597 and studied painting in Florence. He moved to Rome in 1613 where he was the disciple of Baccio Carpi. He lived in Rome for the remainder of his life.Da Cortona was one of the most important figures from the High Baroque period. He began his works around the 1620´s in Rome. At the dawn of his career he was greatly influenced by classical art, with some emphasis on Domenichino´s style.
He put his talent under the services of some important families, like the Saccheti. His highest point was under the employment of the Barberini family and popeUrbano VIII. During this time he painted one of his most famous frescos, an allegory to the Divine Providence. As an architect, da Cortona made, among other constructions, the church of Santa María della Pace in 1657.
Among some other of his works, he made in 1624 a fresco decoration of the Bernini church in Santa Bibiana. In 1626, he was commissioned with the paintings of Sacrifice of Polyxena,Triumph of Bacchus and the Rape of the Sabines. For the architectural part, he made the church of Santi Luca e Martina and the façade of Santa María Via Lata.
The rape of the Sabines
Analysis of period and style
By the time of the restoration of Santa María della Pace, Europe was recovering from the effects of the 30 years war, which left Spain without much of its might and saw the emergenceof France as Europe´s most powerful country. Around this time, there were numerous wars involving multiple European countries, such as the English civil war and the Great Turkish War.
The middle part of the 17th century also saw a great crisis rise among European countries, during which the Ottoman Empire grew in strength.
Other important events that took place during this time include therestoration of English monarchy, the war against the Habsburgs, and the great London fire.
During this period of time, the artistic movement that dominated most works was the Baroque. The Baroque dominated most of Europe since late 16th to early 18th centuries, and is defined as the dominant style of Europe art between Mannerism and Rococo.
The Baroque style was mostly characterized by dynamicmovement and a great use of emotions to express feelings through the painting. The Baroque art was used to express the triumph of the absolutist church and state. This movement placed great emphasis on color, light and shades, even on architectural works. The Baroque was used as a way of expressing a more accessible form of architecture while at the same time it was a statement of the wealth and...
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