Simple present (guia explicativa)

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  • Publicado : 15 de noviembre de 2011
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SIMPLE PRESENT

* Definition: This is a verb that is used to express actions that take place in the present and with a certain frequency, that is to say, each day, each morning, etc.

*Positive form:

Subject + Infinitive verb + complement
He/she/it:
Subject + Verb (adding “s or es”) + complement

For example:
* You speak English* The train leaves every morning at 8 AM

* Negative form:

Subject + don't/doesn't + infinitive verb + complement

For example:
* The bus does not arrive at 11 AM

* Interrogativeform:

Do/does + subject + infinitive verb + complement

For example:

* Does John wash the dishes every day?

* Do you speak English?

SIMPLE PAST

* Definition: Use the SimplePast to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time inmind.

* Positive form:

Subject + [VERB+ed] or irregular verbs + complement

For example:
* I saw a movie yesterday
* You called Debbie

* Negative form:

Subject + didn’t +infinitive verb + complement

For example:
* You did not call Debbie

* Interrogative form:

Did + subject + infinitive verb + complement

For example:

* Did you call Debbie?* Did you have dinner last night?

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

* Definition: It is a verb that is used to express actions that take place in the present, in the same time that is stating the phrase.The Presente Continuous is formed with the present of the verb “to be” more the verb of action in gerund (infinitive+ -ing).

* Positive form:

Subject + am/is/are + verb in gerund +complement

For example:
* I am playing volleyball

* You are learning English now

* Negative form:

Subject + am/is/are + not + verb in gerund + complement

For example:
* I am not...
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