Prior to the advent of the atomic bomb, war entailed the use of conventional weaponry; it did not pose threats beyond the lives of those who were active participants of war. The theory ofspecial relativity by Albert Einstein completely revolutionized war related matters, leaving war with a scent of uncertainty. Einstein’s E=mc2 in effect had impactful effects on war. This equation articulated the relationship between mass and energy, the idea that mass could theoretically be converted to energy. With the discovery of nuclear fission, this theoretical conversion became a reality.This is thus, how Einstein’s physics and military technology collided, with the use of Einstein’s equation for the development of the atomic bomb, Einstein, though indirectly, contributed pivotally and fundamentally to the creation of the atomic bomb (Long).
Furthermore, Einstein influenced war directly by persuading and encouraging and the development of the bomb itself. He did this bysigning a letter to President Roosevelt thereby calling for atomic research and atomic weaponry construction.
“…the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the immediate future. Certain aspects of the situation which has arisen seem to call for watchfulness and, if necessary, quick action on the part of the Administration….it may become possible to set up a nuclearchain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated…. it appears almost certain that this could be achieved in the immediate future. This new phenomenon would also lead to the construction of bombs….extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed….In view of the situation you may think itdesirable to have more permanent contact maintained between the Administration and the group of physicists working on chain reactions in America” (Einstein).
Uncertainty is inherent in the mere existence of atomic bombs since the mere threat of their use keeps clashing nations in everlasting tension and fear of the uncertain consequences and future of the human race; all because there is noassurance for safety. Hence writing in 1946, Einstein described the changed circumstances brought about by the creation of atomic weapons. “Today the atomic bomb has altered profoundly the nature of the world as we know it,” (Pauling) he said, “…and the human race consequently finds itself in a new habitat to which it must adapt its thinking. Modern war, the bomb, and other discoveries present uswith revolutional circumstances. Never before was it possible for one nation to make war on another without sending armies across borders. Now with … atomic bombs no center of population on the earth’s surface is secure from surprise destruction in a single attack” (Pauling). He continued, “Rifle bullets kill men, but atomic bombs kill cities. A tank is a defense against a bullet, but there isno defense in science against a weapon which can destroy civilization” (Pauling).
Through his political moves, Albert Einstein furthers awareness and feelings of uncertainty of humanity as a result of war related matters. In using his prominent name and reputation, he does this by singing and endorsing the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, which outwardly points out how the future of the human race...