Social sciences

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Page 84
2. Reread the texts and with your classmates and guidance of your teacher answer.
a) Differences between:

Idealism.
Thought was philosophical and political and social and offers and explanation of reality or human experiences.
Materialism.
It’s thought was the only thing that matters wants the only want that sees.

Why do you think Marks considers History in theory?
Becausethe liberalism has something in common with history.
Page 85
1. Observe the illustrations and complete what they ask. Consult a thematic encyclopedia or book on Political Economy.

Employers working hard
Exploitation
Competition

Equal everyone works for everyone
Solidarity
Sharing

What type of social relations of productions exists?
Equal everyone works for everyoneSolidarity
Sharing
Freedom
Equity
Competition

Slavery the rich hurts a slave
Submission
Extermination

Slavery the rich hurts a slave
Submission
Extermination

The domain of the men’s over the woman
Domination
Control

It was community property
No social classes

Who are the owners of the means of production?
It was to all the people
Social classes

They are only politicsNo social classes

It was rich property because they pay for the slaves
Social classes

It was man’s properties and the woman’s stays in their houses
Social classes



Page 86
Review your notes with your classmates and explain in writing why historical Materialism is interested in the historic development of humanity as part of its theory.
It’s interested because with thatthey know why or what are the things that are important.



Page 87
-What the chart tells us is that the socio-economic formation is divided into judicial-ideological-political.
-That in society there exist two great social classes and while some do the work physical in the economic structure for the production; others drive and manipulate the ideas and the rules of the superstructure.-In every socio-economic formation divided into social classes, there exists a system of class struggle, where those that control the apparatus liberate oneself and are owners of the means of production they exploit everyone else, that have to sell their private property.
-For that reason, the exploited, when they take the workforce they look for the way to exploit of the domination to which theyare subject. And the Historic Materialism proposes that when they express the class consciousness that the workers do by eliminating the social classes that uphold the exploiters.
-Marx holds that the only way to change fundamentally the socio-economic formation is thought armed struggle; that is by means of a social revolution.

Page 88
What is your opinion about the ideas and thought ofKarl Marx?
That he have good ideas and he based in proofs.









Historical Materialism.
Historical Materialism is the application of Marxist science to historical development. The fundamental proposition of historical materialism can be summed up in a sentence: ""it is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but, on the contrary, their socialexistence that determines their consciousness."
Is a methodological approach to the study of society, economics, and history, first articulated by Karl Marx (1818-1883) as "the materialist conception of history". Historical materialism looks for the causes of developments and changes in human society in the means by which humans collectively produce the necessities of life. The non-economic features ofa society (e.g. social classes, political structures, ideologies) are seen as being an outgrowth of its economic activity. The classic brief statement of the theory was made by Marx in the preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy.
Historical materialism started from a fundamental underlying reality of human existence: that in order for human beings to survive and continue...
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