Solaris seminar

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Solaris Seminar

Contents
1 INTRODUCING THE COMPONENTS OF THE SOLARIS OPERATING ENVIRONMENT 11
2 INTRODUCING THE COMPONENTS OF THE SUNOS™ OPERATING SYSTEM 13
2.1 THE KERNEL 13
2.2 SHELL 14
2.2.1 Default Shells 14
2.2.2 Alternative Shells 15
2.3 DIRECTORY TREE 16
2.3.1 Introducing / (root) Subdirectories 17
2.3.2 Introducing Important System Directories 17
2.3.3 Viewing Directoriesand Files 21
2.3.3.1 Determining the Current Directory 21
2.3.3.2 Displaying the Directory Contents 21
2.3.3.3 Displaying a Long List 22
2.3.3.4 Displaying File Types 23
2.3.3.5 Changing Directories 24
2.3.3.6 Using Path Name Abbreviations 24
2.3.4 Working With Files 25
2.3.4.1 Viewing Files Using the cat Command 25
2.3.4.2 Viewing Files Using the more Command 25
2.3.4.3 Viewing FileContent Using the head Command 26
2.3.4.4 Viewing File Content Using the tail Command 26
2.3.4.5 Displaying Line, Word, and Character Counts 27
2.3.5 Changing the Solaris™ OE Directory Contents 27
2.3.5.1 Copying Files and Directories 27
2.3.5.2 Moving and Renaming Files and Directories 31
2.3.5.3 Creating Files and Directories 33
2.3.5.4 Removing Files and Directories 36
2.3.5.5 RemovingDirectories 37
2.3.5.6 Using Symbolic Links 39
3 BOOT PROM 41
3.1 INTRODUCING BOOT PROM FUNDAMENTALS 41
3.2 GOAL OF THE OPENBOOT™ ARCHITECTURE STANDARD 42
3.3 BOOT PROM 42
3.4 NVRAM 43
3.5 POST 45
3.5.1 Controlling the POST Phase 45
3.6 DISABLING THE ABORT SEQUENCE 47
3.7 DISPLAYING POST TO THE SERIAL PORT 47
3.8 USING BASIC BOOT PROM COMMANDS 49
3.9 IDENTIFYING THE SYSTEM BOOT PROM VERSION50
3.10 BOOTING THE SYSTEM 51
3.11 ACCESSING MORE DETAILED INFORMATION 52
3.12 LISTING NVRAM PARAMETERS 53
3.13 CHANGING NVRAM PARAMETERS 54
3.14 RESTORING DEFAULT NVRAM PARAMETERS 55
3.15 DISPLAYING DEVICES CONNECTED TO THE BUS 55
3.15.1 The probe-scsi Command 56
3.15.2 The probe-scsi-all Command 57
3.15.3 The probe-ide Command 57
3.15.4 The probe-fcal-all Command 58
3.16 IDENTIFYINGTHE SYSTEM’S BOOT DEVICE 58
3.16.1 The show-devs Command 60
3.16.2 The devalias Command 60
3.17 VIEWING AND CHANGING NVRAM PARAMETERS FROM THE SHELL 61
3.17.1 Using the eeprom Command 61
3.18 INTERRUPTING AN UNRESPONSIVE SYSTEM 62
3.18.1 Aborting an Unresponsive System 62
4 PERFORMING BOOT AND SHUTDOWN PROCEDURES 65
4.1 IDENTIFYING RUN LEVEL FUNDAMENTALS 65
4.1.1 Solaris OE Run Levels 654.1.1.1 Determining a System’s Current Run Level 66
4.1.1.2 Changing Run Levels 66
4.2 IDENTIFYING THE PHASES OF THE BOOT PROCESS 66
4.2.1 Boot PROM Phase 67
4.2.2 Boot Programs Phase 68
4.2.3 The kernel Initialization Phase 69
4.2.3.1 The /etc/system File and kernel Configuration 71
4.2.3.2 Editing the /etc/system File 72
4.2.4 The init Phase 73
4.2.4.1 The /etc/inittab File 73
4.2.4.2The init Process 76
4.3 CONTROLLING BOOT PROCESSES 77
4.3.1 The /sbin Directory 77
4.3.2 The /etc/rc#.d Directories 80
4.3.2.1 Start Run Control Scripts 80
4.3.2.2 Stop Run Control Scripts 81
4.3.3 The /etc/init.d Directory 81
4.3.4 Creating New Run Control Scripts 82
4.4 PERFORMING SYSTEM SHUTDOWN PROCEDURES 84
4.4.1 The /usr/sbin/init Command 85
4.4.2 The /usr/sbin/shutdown Command 854.4.3 The /usr/sbin/halt Command 86
4.4.4 The /usr/sbin/poweroff Command 87
4.4.5 The /usr/sbin/reboot Command 87
5 INSTALLING THE SOLARIS™ 9 OPERATING ENVIRONMENT 89
5.1 IDENTIFYING THE FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CD-ROM INSTALLATION 89
5.1.1 Solaris 9 OE Installation and Upgrade Options 89
5.1.2 Hardware Requirements for Installation of the Solaris 9 OE 89
5.1.3 Software Components of theSolaris OE 90
5.1.3.1 Software Packages 90
5.1.3.2 Software Clusters 91
5.1.3.3 Solaris OE Software Groups 91
5.2 INSTALLING THE SOLARIS 9 OE FROM A CD-ROM 94
5.2.1 Pre-Installation Information 94
5.2.2 Demonstration: Performing an Interactive Installation 96
5.2.2.1 Preparation 96
5.2.2.2 Demonstration Summary 96
5.2.2.3 Demonstration Instructions 96
6 SOLARIS 9 OE MAINTENANCE: PERFORMING...
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