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ANALIZE
2ND SYMPHONY
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Rubén Castillo del Pozo
About the author and the symphony
This piece is a Symphony (usually, more or less till Schubert and his not finished 8th symphony, it is an orquestal structure composed for four movements, each one of these movements are different between them in structure and tempo)
The composition was carried out between 1801-1802 andit has an average duration of 33 minutes
The composition description and in relation with other Beethoven´s works

The Second Beethoven symphony is, in broad outlines, a relaxed work if we compare it with another Beethoven´s works (like the 5th symphony or the temperamental 3rd one)
The composer, Beethoven, wrote this symphony in a period of his life when the “specialist” said him that hisdeafness would not be reversible. As a result of that and following the otologist doctor´s precriptions he went for a while to a rural retreat on Heilgenstadt very close to Danube river

came to term in 1802 from sketches organized the previous year. Likelier than not, it reflects several happy months in the rural retreat of Heiligenstadt, on the recommendation of an otologist. From one window inhis isolated cottage he could see eastward to the Danube, and beyond. Outside, he roamed the fields and surrounding woods freely, yet his mood was "morose" according to Ferdinand Ries, the devoted pupil who visited him there.

Beethoven introduced the new symphony at Vienna on April 5, 1803, at a mammoth Akademie in the Theater an der Wien, along with the Third Piano Concerto (completed in1800), a new oratorio, Christ on the Mount of Olives, and a repeat performance of the First Symphony from 1800. In the third movement of No. 2, the word scherzo appeared symphonically for the first time, although it retained a song and trio form, and was built on the sudden juxtapositions of loud and soft, with changes in their patterns just when he'd seemed to settle on one. The scoring, however,continued to employ traditional pairs of winds and brass, timpani, and strings.

An Adagio molto introduction anticipates the soft-loud contrasts that explode like Chinese firecrackers two movements later, although the sound and shape of it recall Haydn. The exposition begins in measure 35, with a main subject of Mozartian levitation, but thereafter Beethoven asserts his own less courtly and moreconfrontational personality.

As in the First Symphony, he wrote the first, second, and fourth movements in sonata form. The longest of them is this A major Larghetto in triple meter, if all the repeats are observed. Finding an accommodating tempo can pose problems: largo, after all, means "broad," the slowest tempo in music. Larghetto is a diminutive form -- i.e., not as slow -- but how slow(or not slow) remains the conductor's call.

After Beethoven's surprises in (as well as of) the scherzo, he chortles throughout a finale marked Allegro molto, mostly at his own syncopated jokes. They begin in the first measure and don't let up till the double-bar. Many of his contemporaries were shocked, and several reviled him in print. One Viennese critic, after a repeat performance in 1804,called Symphony No. 2 "a crass monster, a hideously writhing, wounded dragon that refuses to die and, though bleeding in the finale, furiously thrashes about with its stiffened tail." One should always keep posterity in mind whenever a spiky new piece tempts us to dismiss it without a trial (whereas easy-listening pieces tend to spoil as quickly as unrefrigerated seafood, and most should).

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Portrait of Beethoven in 1803, a year after the premiere of his Second Symphony.
Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 2 in D major (Op. 36) was written between 1801 and 1802 and is dedicated to Prince Lichnowsky.
Contents[hide] * 1 Background * 2 Instrumentation * 3 Form * 3.1 First movement * 3.2 Second...
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