Somalia

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FINAL CHEMISTRY EXAM GUIDE
WE ARE GOING TO PASS MODERFUCKERS!!

Carbon: why is carbon so fuckin special?
* 4th most abundant in the whole universe
* 2nd most abundant in your body
*15th most abundant in earth crust
* Makes covalent bonds
* Has 4 valence electrons
* Can make chains or rings.
* 4 affinity units, is tetravalent bond.
Isotopes: carbon-12, carbon-13,carbon-14
Allotropes: graphite and diamonds.
Classification of organic compounds.. they’re boring but you need to know fuckin alkanes alkenes and alkynes.
alkANE: are sp3 Hybridized, mostsaturated hydrocarbons. Single bond C—C, sigma bonds only
AlkENE: are sp2 hybridized, unsaturated hydrocarbons, C=C double bonds, sigma and Pi bonds.
AlkYNE: are sp hybridized unsaturated hydrocarbons, C= C triplo bonds, Sigma+PI+PI bonds.
Functional Groups even though they don’t function in real life…HAHA GOTCHA
Study them really hard moderfuckers
Alcohol (tequila, vodka, al the good stuff)
*Soluble in water
* Odorless
* Not good conductors of electricity.

Ethers
* Used in insecticides and fumigants.
* Are good solvents for fats, waxes, perfumes and oils (that’s whydon’t u smell bad AMEN)
* They have strong odor
* Colorless
* Not so soluble in water
Aldehydes & Ketones (same shit, different shitter)
* Sp2 hybridized
* Polar
* HydrogenIons (H+) accepters
* They are more soluble in water than hydrocarbons
Carboxylic Acids
* Penicillin
* Most abundant organic compounds
* Very polar
* Solid under normalconditions
Esters
* Very sweet fruity smell
* Found in fruits
* Good solvents
* Mostly colorless
Amides
* Crystalline solids
* Form hydrogen bonds with water
* Melting points ofprimary amides are higher than secondary which is higher than tertiary (fucking word soup)
Amines
* Sp3 Hybridized
* Occur in plants and animals
* Highly polar
* Fishlike aroma...
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